Last Modified: 2011-07-02
Related Textbooks:Introduction to Psychology for University of Tennessee-knoxville
Early childhood experiences, internal conflicts
Goals: gain insight into conflict,reveal repressed urges, identify unconscious thoughts
Methods: free association, transference (response), dream analysis
Modern: focus on feelings
id: pleasure principle
ego: reality principle
superego: moral principle
Focus on here and now
Control own destinies
Natural tendency toward growth
Goals: self exploration, self acceptance, help them help themselves
Methods: unconditiona positve regard, genuineness, encourage to develop to full potential
Decrease symptoms by changing behavior
Uses principles of learning to promote change
Goals: promote desired behaviors, stop maladaptove behaviors
Methods: systematic desensitization, flooding, operant conditioning, aversive conditioning
controversial procedure in which painful or aversive stimuli are paired with unwanted impulses
For example, to help control alcohol intake, different alcoholic beverages can be paired with drug-induced nausea and vomiting or with electric shock.
Token economy: positive reinforcement
Social skills training: role playing
Gradually move closer to fear (imagine, look at, see live, touch)
Become more comfortable = no more fear
Several clients with similar problems
Advantages: economical, more life experiences to learn from, group support, people have similar problems, provide hope for others, practice social skills
Apply knowledge of Biology to treat psychological issues
ECT (electroconvulsive therapy) for major depression; last resort. SIDE EFFECT = TEMPORARY MEMORY LOSS
Drug Therapy: anti-anxiety, anti psychotics, anti depressants (increase seratonin)
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