form of imprisonment developed in New York State around 1820 that depended on mass prisons, where prisoners were held in congregate fashion requiring silence. This style of imprisonment was a primary competitor with the Pennsylvania system.
system used by prison administrators to assign inmates to custody levels based on offense history, assessed dangerousness, perceived risk of escape, and other factors.
confinement facility administered by an agency of local government, typically a law enforcement agency, intended for adults but sometimes also containing juveniles, which holds people detained pending adjudication or committed after adjudication, usually those sentenced to a year or less.
state or federal confinement facility that has custodial authority over adults sentenced to confinement.
early form of imprisonment whose purpose was to instill habits of industry in the idle
prison program through which inmates are temporarily released into the community to meet job responsibilities