Chapter 13 ? Methods of Therapy Psychotherapy Systematic interaction between therapist and client that brings psychological principles to bear on influencing the client?s thoughts, feelings, behaviors to help the client overcome abnormal behavior or adjust to everyday living problems. Most current therapists do not ask patients/clients to lay on couches Most current therapists do not operate within typical Freudian psychotherapy, most use CBT, psychodynamic approach, existential, humanistic, interpersonal, or combo of many History of Treatment: Overview Demonology Medical Treatments Asylums Moral Treatment Modern Treatment Demonology Cause of disorder Supernatural forces Moral problem Treatment Cut open the skull to let evil spirits out Starvation Torturer Burning alive Early Medical Treatments Cause of disorder Body fluid imbalance Treatment Restore the balance Bloodletting Vomiting Asylums Cause of disorder A sickness Treatment Well intentioned ?colonies? Became filthy warehouses Treated like convicts or animals Chained up Facility tours Moral Treatment and State Institutions Cause of disorder High stress Treatment Support and quiet living Enhance self-control Becoming overcrowded Still not great treatment, think state institution Modern Treatment Psychotherapy Psychodynamic Therapies Humanistic therapies Cognitive and behavioral therapies Group therapies Evaluating psychotherapy Biological therapies, medication Community mental health Psychological Treatment in General 1 out of 3 people seek treatment No one ?right? treatment No ?quick fix? What are some options MD PSYCHAIATRIST Primary care physicians ? 10+ years school Most don?t do therapy, all can prescribe PhD Psychologist- 10+ years school Therapy, some can prescribe in certain states Master?s Level Licensed Clinical Social Worker Marriage Counselor Religious/Pastoral
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