Oral or written stories (narratives) about the actions and deeds of supernatural powers and cultural heroes.
Context of religion, the organized performance of behaviors intended to influence spiritual powers.
Intellectual (or cognitive) approach
Assume that humans seek explanations for the world around them.
The notion that the emotional or affective satisfactions people gain from religion are primary.
Is that religion instills and maintains common values, leads to increased conformity to cultural norms, promotes cohesion and cooperation, promises eternal rewards for good deeds and eternal damnation for evil acts, and so forth.