Last Modified: 2011-07-01
Related Textbooks:The Science of Psychology: An Appreciative View
deviant varies with context, culture, and time
(ie- psychiatric hospitals)
behavior arises from interaction of nature and nurture (environment)
widely used system for classifying psychological disorders
the manual defines a structured interview technique that clinicians can use to reach a diagnosis
they answer objective questions posed at 5 levels about individuals behavior
reliability high and coordinates with international classification of diseases
affects how people react to labelled person
helps professionals communicate with one another
characterized by lingering symptoms
1. major depressive disorder- person experiences prolonged hopelessness
2. bipolar disorder- alternates between depression and mania
study abnormalities in brain structure and function (neurotransmitter systems)
depression runs in some families. norpinephrine and seretonin low during depression. activity in frontal lobe slow during depression.
cycle of depresion: negative stressful event, interpreted pessimistic explanatory style, hopless depressed state, hampers actions and thoughts
two or more distinct identities that alternately control the persons behavior with memory impairment across the different personality states
a group of sever disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
disorganized- disorganized speech or behavior, or flat or innapropriate emotion
catatonic- immobility (or excessive), extreme negativism, parrotlike
undifferentiated- many and varried symptoms
residual- withdrawal, after hallucinations and delusions have disappeared
enlarged, fluid filled cerebral cavities and corresponding decreases in the cortex
abnormal activity in frontal lobes, thalamus and amygdala
1 in 2 chances in identical twins
adoption studies- greater chance if biological parent was schizophrenic
some early warning signs: mother with long lasting severe schizophrenia, seperation from parents, birth complication etc.
lpersonality disorder in which the person exhibits lack of conscience (becomes plain before age 15, usually male) for wrongdoing, even towards friends and family
reduction in activity in frontal lobes and an area of the cortex that helps control impulses
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