Chapter 19 Florence, Milan, and Venice?most important cultural centers -male nudity became acceptable -female nudity was rare (other than Eve or mythological figures) -linear perspective: the illusion of a measured and continuously receding space **architecture began to become abstract w/mathematically derived design Florence (?Cradle of Italian Renaissance?) -The Medici -?Neoplatonism?-distinguishes between spiritual and physical -represent ideal figures (?Medici Neoplatonic circle?) Florence Cathedral- Filippo Brunelleschi (Fig. 19-2) -solved ?dome problem? -used octagonal ?drum? as a base -?oculus?: round opening used ?Gates of Paradise?- Lorenzo Ghiberti (Fig. 19-11) -Baptistery of San Giovanni -Michelangelo said doors were worthy of being the gate of Paradise -uses linear perspective Donatello -?Saint George? (Fig. 19-10) -spatial setting in relief sculpture like illustionistic painting -?David? (Fig. 19-13) -1470-life size nude male after battle -displayed as a boy -?heroic nudity?-slayed Goliath and now retreats to dreams -?Gattamelata?- (Fig. 19-14) -one of first life-size equestrians -?Mary Magdalen?- (Fig. 19-15) -1455-adds psychological intensity -known for physical beauty, Mary is now displayed as a poor woman -powerful interpretation of Mary
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