Chapter 19 Visual Summary Industrializations Transformed Society The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain and spread throughtout Europe and the United States. New technologies improved the production and transportation of goods. Workers migrated to cities as economies shifted from being farm based to factory based. As cities grew, an industrial middle class and an industrial working class emerged. Ideologies Arising from the Industrial Revolution Harsh conditions in factories made socialism attractive. Liberalism and nationalism threatened conservative gvts, leading to the revolutions of 1830 and 1848. Liberal reforms helped GB to avoid revolution while France, Austria, and Russia grew more authoritarian. The Crimean War broke down the Concert of Europe, enabling nationalists to unify Germany and Italy. Cultural Movements arising from the Industrial Revolution Romanticism emphasized emotions and individuality in response to the Enlightenments emphasis on reason The Industrial Revolution heightened interest in scientific research. Growing confidence in science undermined religious faith, leading to increased secularization. Interest in science led to the realism movement, featuring ordinary people instead of romantic heroes.