the process of selectivley attending to information and assigning meaning to it
Set of characteristics used to differentiate some things from others
Assigning meaning to information
Your self Identity
Your overall evaluation of your competence and personal worth
Ideal Self concept
What you would like to be
The gap between our inaccurate self perceptions and reality
Self Fulfilling Prophecy
A false precept of a situation or characteristic or skill that leads to behaviors that perpetuate that false perception as true
the internal conversations we have with ourselves
The internal process of observing, analyzing, and regualting your own behavior based on your analysis of the situation and others responses to you
A pattern of learned behaviors that people use to meet the perceived dedmands of a particular context
the process of monitoring the social environment to learn more about self and others
Implicit personality theories
Assumptions about which physical characteristics and personality traits or behaviors are associated with one another
to generalize and perceive that a person has a whole set of characteristics when you have actually observed only one characteristic, trait, or behavior
generalization, usually exaggerated or over simplified and often offensive, used to describe or distinguish a group
A rigid attitude that is based on group membership and predisposes an individual to feel, think, or act in a negative way toward another person or group
A negative action toward a social group or its members on account of group membership
Reasons we give for others behaviors
A message that your understanding of the meaning of another persons nonverbal behavior
How does the perception process work?
Your brain selects some of the information it receives from your senses and organizes it, and then interprets it
What is self concept and how is it formed and maintained?
Our self concept is essentially our identity, or who we think we really are. We develop our self concept based on our experiences and others reactions and responses to us
Why is self esteem important to communication?
People tend to communicate with people who reinforce their own self perception. If they are communicating with someone who reinforces a negative self perception they will have a lower self esteem
How might culture or gender influence our perception of self?
In individualistic cultures people are about self concept, sell esteem, and self image, and they tend to think first about what is best for themselves. Also when they are judged in the workplace they like to be judged on themselves and they like to make their own decisions. In a collectivist culture they like to be graded on group preformances. Masculine and feminine norm also affect self perception.
How can our perception of self change?
Comments that contradict your current self perception lead you to slowly change it
How can our perceptions of self become distorted?
Through self fulfilling prophecies, filtering messages, and reliance on media images
How do perceptions of self affect our communication with others?
by monitoring competing internal messages in our self talk, influences how we communicate with about ourselves with others and affecting communication apprehension
What influences our perceptions of others?
Observations of physical characteristics and social behaviors, our interpretations of their messages, our use of stereotyping, and our emotional state
What can we do to improve the accuracy of our perceptions of others?
Question the accuracy of your perceptions
Seek more information to verify perceptions
Realize that your perceptions of a person will change over time
Use the skill of perception checking
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