Chapter 2: Positivist Theories
- Wake Forest University
- Sociology 154
- Chapter 2: Positivist Theories
Last Modified: 2011-07-19
2. Innovation: Reject the use of legal means in favor of illegal ones.
3. Ritualism: Compulsively abide by the norms.
4. Retreatism: Withdrawal from society.
5. Rebellion: Rejecting the expectation to work hard.
The goal-means gap leads to status frustration, which leads to deviance.
1. The removal of positively valued stimuli
2. The presentation of negative stimuli
Differential association leads to deviance.
Differential association leads to differential identification, which leads to deviance.
Differential association leads to differential reinforcement, which leads to deviance.
2. Commitment: To conformity and conventional types of action.
3. Involvement: In conventional activities to take up their time.
4. Belief: In the moral validity of social rules.
1. Disintegrative: Wrongdoer is stigmatized and rejected, banished from society.
2. Reintegrative: Wrongdoer is shown forgiveness and understanding, reintegrates them into society.
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