compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms
hydrocarbons that do not have multiple bonds between carbon atoms, and we can indicate this in the family name and in names for specific
compounds by the -ane ending.
contain at least one carbon–carbon double bond, and this is indicated in the family name and in names for specific compounds by an -ene ending.
contain at least one carbon–carbon triple bond, and this is indicated in the family name and in names for specific compounds by an -yne ending.
contain a special type of ring, the most common example of which is a benzene ring. There is no special ending for the general family of
Generally speaking, compounds such as alkanes, whose molecules contain only single bonds, are referred to as saturated compounds because these compounds contain the maximum number of hydrogen atoms that the carbon compound can possess.
Compounds with multiple bonds, such as alkenes, alkynes, and aromatic hydrocarbons, are called unsaturated compounds because they possess fewer than the maximum number of hydrogen atoms, and they are capable of reacting with hydrogen under the proper conditions.
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