1: Keep everything running efficiently and profitably, while at the same time,
2: change everything
a study of the past contributes to what?
understanding both the present and the future.
the aspects of a culture that guide and influence relationships among people––their values, needs, and standards of behavior
the influence of political and legal institutions on people and organizations
forces that affect the availability production, and distribution of a society's resources among competing users.
a management perspective that emerged during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that emphasized a rational, scientific approach to the study of management and sought to make organizations efficient operating machines. traced back to 3000B.C.