the area on Earth between the latitudes of 23.5 degrees North and 23.5 degrees South
If a location is closer to the equator, it will be
warmer there because it receives more direct sunlight. The further away something is from the equator, the colder it will be because it’s receiving indirect sunlight.
is movement in any fluid, caused when part of the fluid (whether gas or liquid) is heated. The heated portion expands and becomes less dense, and rises up through the cooler portion. Convection causes the turbulence you see in water heating on a stove, and in turbulent clouds overhead
Water changing from a gas state (vapor) to a liquid or solid state