A contract of employment for an indeterminate term is terminable at will by either the employer or the employee; the traditiional American rule governing employer- employee relations.
Public policy exception
An exception to the employment -at-will doctrine that makes it unlawful to dismiss an employee for taking certain actions in the public interest.
Implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing
An exception to the employment-at-will doctrine that is based on the theory that every employent contract, even an unwritten one, contains the implicit understanding that the parties will deal fairly with each other.
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Guarantees that all persons in the united states have the same right to make and enforce contracts and have the full and equal benefit of the law
Civil Rights Act of 1871
Prohibits discrimination by state and local governments.
Equal Pay Act of 1963
Prohibits wage discrimination based on sex.
The statute that prohibits discrimination in hiring, firing, or other terms, and conditions of employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Disparate treatment cases
Discrimination cases in which the employer treats one employee less favorably than another because of that employee's color, race, religion, sex, or national origin.
Disparate impaact cases
Discrimination cases in which the employer's facially neutral policy or practice has a discriminatory effect on employees who belong to a protected class.
Unwelcome seual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature, which explicitly or implicitly make submission a term or condition of empolyment or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive environment.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1957 (ADEA)
Prohibits employers from refusing to hire, dischargeing, or discriminating against people in terms of conditions of employment on the basis of age.
Exemption to the ADEA that allows mandatory retirement of executives at age 65.
Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Prohibits discrimination in employment against otherwise qualified persons who have a handicap. Applies only to the federal government, employers who have contracts with the federal government, and parties who administer programs receiving federal financial assistance.
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1991 (ADA)
Requires that employers make reasonable accommodations to the known disabilities of an otherwise qualified job applicant or employee with a disavility, unless the necessary accommodation would impose an undue burden on the employer's business.
Affirmative action plans
Programs adopted by employers to increase the representation of women and minorities in their workforces.
Discrimination in favor of members of groups that have been previously discriminated against; claim usually raised by white males.
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