During most of the nineteenth century, ______ was the most powerful state in the international state system.
Behind the idea of the West's civilizing mission was a belief in racial superiority, rooted in the ideas of .....
At which of the following international conferences did European political leaders meet in 1885 to outline the rules for the 'Scramble for Africa'?
European leaders felt that ruling a global empire, which involved the acquisition of African territories, increased a nation's _______.
True or False: Racism grew out of slavery, specifically the trans-Atlantic slave trade.
Why did 'Scramble for Africa' happen? What facilitated rapid colonial conquest of Africa?
Europeans industries were in competition. Britain had been the leading industrial nation in the world, but other countries like France, Germany, and the U.S. were catching up with UK's ability to manufacture cheap goods. As a result, Britain began to promote a policy of free trade in Africa and this eventually gave to protectionism. France and Germany realized in order to beat Britain they would have to begin colonizing. Another contributing economic factor was Africa's abundant untapped wealth and raw materials. It was possible because colonist exploited traditional and longstanding rivalris between African nations. Second Eurpoe had the better technological advantage.