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Which of the following is NOT a function of the lymphatic and immune system?
Maintaining water homeostasis in the body.
Functions of the lymphatic and immune system (3)
Draining excess interstitial fluid
Transporting dietary lipids
Carrying out immune responses
Lack of resistance is also known as:
What is the major difference between lymph and interstitial fluid?
What causes lymph from the small intestine to appear white?
Which of the following is not considered an organ of the immune system?
Organs of the immune system
Spleen, lymph node, red bone marrow, thymus
The left subclavian vein receives lymph from
The lymph from the right foot empties into the
The skeletal muscle and respiratory pumps are used in
Lymphatic, immune, and cardiovascular systems
Which organ produces a hormone that promotes maturation of T cells?
In which part of the thymus are T cells thought to die?
Which portion of the lymph node does not contain any lymphatic nodules?
Function of a spleen
Removes worn out blood cells
_____ does NOT provide a physical or chemical barrier
_____ provides a nonspecific cellular disease resistance mechanism
Which anti-microbial substances reduce viral replication (in uninfected cells)?
Which anti-microbial substances promote cytolysis, phagocytosis, and inflammation
Which cell kills infected body cells and tumor cells?
Natural killer cells
4 signs of inflammation
Redness, pain, heat, swelling
____ intensifies the effect of interferons and promotes the rate of repair
____ does NOT induce vasodilation and permeability (increased fluid flow) to an infection site.
When B and T cells are fully developed and mature they are described as being
What induces the production of a specific antibody?
What stimulates an immune response ONLY when it is attached to a large carrier molecule?
Genetic recombination generates diversity in what part(s) of the immune system?
MHC antigen and antigen receptors
Which class of cells includes macrophages, B cells, and dendritic cells?
Antigen presenting cells
To become activated, which requires being bound to a foreign antigen AND simultaneous costimulation?
Which cells display CD4 proteins and interact with MHC Class 2 antigens?
Helper T cells
Which T cell toxin fragments DNA
Which class of antibodies is mainly found in sweat, tears, breast milk, and GI secretions?
Which leads to inflammation, enhancement of phagocytosis and lysis of microbes?
Classical and alternative complement systems
Which is an inactive, self responsive cell?
Which action makes microbes more susceptible to phagocytosis?
The one way flow of lymph through a lymph vessel
D and I
The inability of the immune system to protect the body from a pathogen causes
An acute allergic response can lead to
Natural exposure to an infectious agent leads to
Which antibody indicates a recent invasion
Which is part of the body's second line of defense?
Natural killer cells
Which is the most variable cell in the immune system?
The primary response will peak how many days after an exposure?
Which type of immunity defends against any type of invader?
The ability of an antigen to react specifically with the antibodies or cells it has provoked is called
Which is a small hormone that can stimulate or inhibit many normal cell functions?
Which type of adaptive immunity will result from intravenous injection of immunoglobulins?
Artificially acquired passive immunity
Which type of adaptive immunity will result from mother-to-baby IgA transfer via breast feeding?
Naturally acquired passive immunity
Natural passive immunity is associated with which if the following?
Transfer of IgG from mother to fetus
Which cells increase the permeability if blood vessels by releasing histamine?
Which cytokine released by macrophages acts on the hypothalamus to raise the body temp during fever?
Which immunoglobulin is a pentamer?
Antigens that induce an allergic reaction are called?
Which cell is considered to be the most important cell in the immune system?
T helper cells
The thymus develops from the
Third pharyngeal pouch
Which of the following negatively affects the immune system?
Smoking, lack of sleep, sedentary lifestyle, stress
Since immune function tends to decline with age, the incidence of autoimmune disease also decreases with age. T/F
Lymphatic vessels drain excess interstitial fluid from connective tissues. T/F
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