a vein in which blood has pood
distended, tortuous (twists and turns), and palpable
increased age, females, family history, obesity, pregnancy, phlebitis
sititng/standing for long periods of time
increased weight/pressure put on veins
inadequate venous return over long period
due to varicose veins or valvular incompetence
venous htn > circulatory stasis > tissue hypoxia > inflammatory reaction (in vessels and tissue) > skin ulceration
circulation to the extremities is sluggish
metabolic demands of the cells for oxygen, nutrients, and waste removal are barely met
lower O2 supply cuases cell death and necrosis
compression stockings (TED hose)
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