Testing the deep tendon reflexes gives the examiner information regarding the intactness of the:
reflex arc at specific leves in the spinal cord
An abnormal sensation of burning or tingling is best described as:
A) paralysis. B) paresis. C) paresthesia. D) paraphasia.
Paresthesia is an abnormal sensation such as burning or tingling.
4. Automatic associated movements of the body are under the control and regulation of:
A. the basal ganglia.
B. the thalamus.
C. the hypothalamus.
D. Wernicke's area.
What term is used to describe involuntary muscle movements?
A) Ataxia B) Flaccidity C) Athetosis D) Vestibular function
Athetosis is slow, writhing, continuous, and involuntary movements of the extremities.
6. Clonus that may be seen when testing deep tendon reflexes is characterized by a(n):
A. additional contraction of the muscle that is of greater intensity than the first.
B. set of rapid, rhythmic contractions of the same muscle.
C. parallel response in the opposite extremity.
D. contraction of the muscle that appears after the tendon is hit the second time.
B. Set of rapid, rhytmic contraction of the same muscle
7. The presence of primitive reflexes in a newborn infant is indicative of:
A. immaturity of the nervous system.
B. prematurity of the infant.
C. mental retardation.
D. spinal cord alterations.
immaturity of the nervous system
Cerebellar function is tested by:
A) muscle strength assessment. B) performance of rapid alternating movements. C) the Phalen maneuver. D) superficial pain and touch assessment.
B) performance of rapid alternating movements.
The cerebellum controls motor coordination of voluntary movements, equilibrium, and muscle tone. Cerebellar function is tested by balance tests (e.g., gait, Romberg test) and coordination and skilled movements (e.g., rapid alternating movements, finger-to-finger test, finger-to-nose test, heel-to-shin test).
The _____________ coordinates movement, maintains equilibrium, and helps maintain posture.
A. extrapyramidal system
C. upper and lower motor neurons
D. basal ganglia
During the assessment of extraocular movements, two back-and-forth oscillations of the eyes in the extreme lateral gaze occurs. This response indicates:
an expected movement of the eyes during this procedure
The ______ reflex is an example of a _________ reflex.
A. plantar; deep tendon
B. abdominal; superficial
C. quadriceps; pathologic
D. corneal light; visceral
B. abdominal; superficial
An area of the body that is supplied mainly from one spinal segment through a particular spinal nerve is identified as a:
A) dermatome. B) dermal segmentation. C) hemisphere. D) crossed representation.
A dermatome is a circumscribed skin area that is supplied mainly from one spinal cord segment through a particular spinal nerve.
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