related to an inactive lifestyle; e.g. obesity, coronary heart disease, cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes
the ability of a muscle to exert a maximal force against resistance
the ability of a muscle to exert repeated force against resistance or to sustain muscular contraction
movement of a joint through a full range of motion
the amount of body fat in proportion to fat-free weight
important beginning to an exercise session; during it, internal temperature of muscles increase, increasing elasticity, and heart rate and respiration increase crating greater blood flow to the muscles
the best method of stretching; when a stretch is held for 10 to 30 seconds at the point of tightness
bad method of stretching; stretching with bouncing and jerking movements; can strain cold muscles
an exercise using the same muscles that will be used in the conditioning bout but as a lower level of intensity
the main part of the workout; 20-30 minutes or more
the final segment of the exercise session; eases your body back into its resting state; 5-15 minutes
a gradual increase in physical activity, working a muscle group or body system beyond accustomed levels
principle of specificity
only the muscles or body systems being exercised will show beneficial changes
principle of reversibility
changes occurring withe exercise are reversible and if a person stops exercising, the body will decondition and adapt to the decreased activity level
principle of individual differences
people vary in their ability to develop fitness components
participating in two or more types of exercise in one session or in alternate sessions for balanced fitness
exercise tolerance test
person exercises strenuously while heart rate and oxygen consumption are measured
lean body mass
device that compresses the skin at a pressure determined by a spring; this test is used to assess your proportion of fat to lean tissue
fat located directly under the skin, between the skin and the underlying muscle
what are the two types of fitness?
health related and skill related
what are the 5 types of health related fitness?
cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, body composition
what are the parts of a three part workout?
warm up, conditioning bout, and cool-down
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