Last Modified: 2016-03-08
- Any stimulus that produces no conditioned response prior to learning
- A stimulus that, before conditioning, does not naturally bring about the response of interest
- The stimulus that elicits an unconditioned response.
- A stimulus that naturally brings about a particular response without having been learned
- The response elicited by an unconditioned stimulus without prior learning.
- A response that is natural and needs no training
Higher Order Conditioning
Stimulus presented after a response that increases the probability of that response happening again
Removal of an unpleasant stimulus, that increases the probability of that response happening again
time-based schedules ,*provide reward after a certain time interval
rewards appear after a certain number of response, but that number varies from trial to trial (ex. Slot machine )
rewards appear after a certain fixed amount of time, regardless of # of responses (ex. Weekly or monthly paycheck)
rewards appear after a certain amount of time , but that amount varies from trial to trial. (ex. Random visits from boss who delivers praise)
The application of presentation of an aversive stimulus after a response
· The removal of an attractive stimulus after a response
The reinforcement of simple steps n behavior that lead to a desired, more complex behavior; the reinforcement of successive approximations
small steps in behavior, one after the other, that lead to a particular goal response
Problem solving occurs by suddenly perceiving new forms or relationships
When learning occurs without reinforcement and without any hint that learning took place
Observational Learning (Social Learning)
New responses are acquired after watching others’ behavior and consequences of their behavior
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