The extent to which a test, measurement, or classification system produces the same scientific observation each time it is applied.
A sampling of ongoing cognitions, feelings, and overt behavior in their situational context.
Blood oxygenation level depdent
The signal detected by functional MRI studies of the brain; measures blood flow and thus neural activity in particular regions.
An approach to assessment in which a person is or is not a member of a discrete grouping.
General term for conversation between a clinician and a patient that is aimed at determining diagnosis, history, causes for problems, and possible treatment option.
The co-occurrence of two disorders, as when a person has depression and social phobia.
The extent to which resutls can be confidently attributed to the manipulation of the independent variable, and external, the extent to which results can be generalized to other populations and settings.
the extent to which scores or ratings on an assessment instrument relate to other variables or behaviors according to some theory or hypothesis.
CT or CAT scan
Computerized axial tomography, a method of diagnosis in which x-rays are taken from different angles and then analyzed by computer to produce a representation of the part of the body in cross section.
the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association.
The determination that the set of symptoms or problems of a patient indicates a particular disorder.
Ecological Momentary assessment (ema)
Form of self-observation invovlving collection of date in real time (diaries) regarding thoughts, moods, and stressors.
A recording of the electrical activity of the heart, made with an electrocardiograph
A recording of the minute electrical activty of the sweat glands on the skin, allwing inference of an emotional state.
A graphic recording of electrical activity of the brain, usually of the cerebral cortex, but somtimes of lower areas.
functional magnetic resonance imagin (fMRI)
Modification of magnetic resonance imaging that allows researchers to take pictures of the brain so quickly that metabolic changes can be measured, resulting in a picture of the brains at work rather than of its structure alone.
A standardized means of assessing a person's current mental ability, for example, the Standofr-Binet test or the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale.
Magnetic Resonance imagine (MRI)
A technique for measuring the structure of the living brains. the person is placed inside a large circular magnet that causes hydrogen atoms to move; the retrun of the atoms to their original positions when the current to the magnet is turned off is translated by a computer into pictures of brain tissue.
A chemical breakdown product of an endogenous molecule, such as a neurotransmitter, or of an exogenous drug; used to gauge current or recent level of its precursor.
A lengthy personality inventory that identifies individuals with states such as anxiety, depression, masculinity-femininity, and paranoia, throgh their true-false replies to groups of statments.
Multiaxial classification system
Classification having several dimensions, all of which are employed bin categorizing; DSM-IV-TR is an example.
psychological test, such as the Luria-nebraska, that can detect impairment in differnt parts of the brain
a psychologist who studies how brain dysfunction affects cognition, emotion and behavior
a self-report questionnaire comprised of statements assessing habitual behavioral and affective tendencies
Computer-generated picture of the living brain, created by analysis of emissions form radioactive isotopes injected into the bloodstream.
the notion that standard but highly unstructured stimuli, as found in the Rorschach assessment's series of inkblots, are necessary to bypass defenses in order to reveal unconscious motives and conflicts.
A psychological assessment device, such as the Rorschach series of inkblots, employing a set of standard but vague stimuli, on the assumption that unstructured material will allow unconscious motivations and fear to be uncovered.
standardized procedure designed to measure performance on a particular task or to asses personality.
The discipline concerned with the bodily changes that accompany psychological events.
The phenomenon wherein behavior changes because it is being observed
Rorschach inkblot test
A projective test in which the examinee is instructed to interpret a series of 10 inkblots reproduced on cards
In behavioral assessment, a procedure whereby the individual observes and reports certain aspects of his or her own behavierviewer; asists professionals in making diagnostic decisions based on standarized criteriaor, thoughts or emotions.
The process of constructing a normed assessment procedure that meets the various psychometric criteria for reliability and validity.
Stat of organism subjected to a stressor; can take the form of increase autonomic activity and in the long term can cause breakdown of an ogan or development of a mental disorder
An interview in which the questions are set out in a prescribed fashion for the intterviewer; assists professionals in making diagnostic decisions based on standarized criteria
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
A projective test consistin of black and white picture, each depicting a potentially emotion-laden situaiton, about each of which the examinee is instructed to make up a story.
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