- a dictatorship that exercises unprecedented control over the masses and seeks to mobilize them for action.
- a movement characterized by extreme, often expansionist nationalism, an anti-socialism aimed at destroying working-class movements, alliances with powerful capitalists and landowners, a dynamic and violent leader and glorification of war and the military.
Five Year Plans
Stalin new plan to make socialist ideals popular "revolution from above" its ultimate goal was to generate new attitudes, new loyalties, and a new socialist humanity--propaganda, enormous sacrifice, and unlimited violence and state control.became totalitarian SOVIET UNION
New Economic Policy
It was an economic policy proposed by Vladimir Lenin to prevent the Russian economy from collapsing. Allowing some private ventures, the NEP allowed small businesses or shops, for instance, to reopen for private profit while the state continued to control banks, foreign trade, and large industries.
Joseph Stalin, the unrivaled dictator of the Soviet Union, ruled from 1928 until his death in 1953. He came to power by a brand of totalitarianism that relied on widespread propaganda and a secret police force to eliminate opposition. He modernized the country through “Five Year Plans,” which consisted of forced collectivization and industrialization. His nickname was "man of steal".
- the forcible consolidation of individual peasant farms into large, state controlled enterprises.
Leningrad party boss, shot Dec. 1934; His funeral is a turning point, touching off terror campaign based on the need to root out enemies who would commit such a crime (later, Khrushchev will accuse Stalin of setting up this assassination)
Fascist Dictator of Italy. He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia and joined Germany in the Axis Pact and allied Germany with Italy in WWII. He also killed millions and helped Hitler with his Final Solution. He was important for using mass propaganda for the party.
- Mussolini’s private army that destroyed Socialist newspapers, union halls and socialist Party headquarters eventually pushing Socialists out of the city governments of northern Italy.
1929 - an agreement that recognized the Vatican as a tiny independent state, with Mussolini agreeing to give the church heavy financial support. In turn, the pop expressed his satisfaction and urged Italians to support Mussolini’s government.
used anti-Semitism in his successful campaign for the office of mayor of Vienna
his election was the first serious sign of the collapse of Austrian liberalism
Jews were identified with capitalists and the irrational hatred directed at them unified different groups and helped to sweep Lueger into office
- “Leader-Dictator” - had unlimited, arbitrary power; title bestowed upon Adolf Hitler
- “Lightning War” - most famous example → Hitler crushes Poland in 4 weeks
- Hitler’s program based on the guiding principle of racial imperialism that gave preferential treatment to the Nordic Peoples
SS corps (Himmler)
- Hitler’s elite personal guard - Himmler, an inhuman skank, was the leader. - Killed a lot of Jewish people
A surprise military strike by the Japanese against the US naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941.
Killed over 2400
Led US into WWII
- the alliance between the US, UK and the Soviet Union - adopted the policy “Europe First” ** a military strategy set forth by Churchill and adopted by Roosevelt, that called for the defeat of Hitler in Europe before the United States launched an all out strike on Japan.
American general of the forces that landed on Leyte Island in the Philippines. - The Happenese believed they could destroy MacArthur’s troops and transport ships before the main American fleet arrived. The result was the four-day Battle of Leyte Guld, the greatest battle in naval history. Japanese navy was decimated; US came on top
- “the event that ended the war” - two Japanese cities that were destroyed by a nuclear strike by the US
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