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Chapter 4 (ALL)
Chapter 4 (ALL)
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collecting of relevant info
a test is administered to a large group of people whose performance then serves as a standard norm against which any individual's score can be measured.
standardization sample: typical of large population
consistency of assessment measures. A good assessment tool will always yield the same results in the same situation.
accuracy of a test's study results. the extent to which a test actually measures or shows what it claims
Depression Interviews: What info does a psychodynamic clinician look for?
try to learn about person's needs and memories of past events and relationships.
Depression Interviews: What type of info does a Cognitive clinician look for?
try to discover assumptions and interpretations that influence the person.
Depression Interviews: What info does a Humanistic/ Existentialist clinician look for?
ask about the person's self evaluation, self-concept, and values.
Depression Interview: What info does a Biological clinician gather?
gather a family history from the individual to help uncover inherited tendencies and also look more directly for signs of biochemical or brain dysfunction.
Depression Interviews: What info does a sociocultural clinician gather?
ask about family, social, and cultural environments.
What is a mental status exam?
of interview questions and observations designed to reveal the degree and nature of a client's abnormal functioning.
Unstructured mental status exams appeal to what clinicians?
psychodynamic and humanistic
Structured Mental Status Exams appeal to what clinician(s)?
behavioral and cognitive
What are some problems with Clinical Interviews?
May lack validity or accuracy
interviewers may make mistakes in judgment
may lack reliability
name 4 projective tests
thematic apperception test
sentence completion test
Name the most common personality inventory test
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory- statements describe physical concerns: mood, morale, attitudes.
Name atleast 5 of the 10 tests that make up the MMPI:
Psychoasthenia- obsessions, compulsions, guilt, indecisiveness
Response Inventories are designed to
measure a person's responses in one specific area of functioning, such as social skills.
Response Inventories are most used by which type of clinicians?
An example of a psychophysiological test is:
Neurological Tests measure:
brain structure or activity. Ex: EEG (brain waves) Detects disrhythmia (abnormal brain waves)
Name the 4 Neuroimaging techniques the text book talks about:
CT Scan 3D Xrays of brain structure
PET- functioning of different areas in the brain
MRI- magnetic properties of hydrogen atoms in the brain and then produces a very detailed picture of the brain's structure.
fMRI- produces a detailed picture of a functioning brain, Detects rapid changes in the flow or volume of blood in areas across the brain.
Neuropsychological tests measure:
cognitive, perceptual, and motor performances on certain tasks and interpret abnormal performances as an indicator of underlying brain problems.
analog observation is:
observe people in a clinical setting. Often aided by cameras
What are some plusses and negatives to self monitoring?
Plusses: useful for recording infrequent behavior, and only way to measure private thoughts.
Drawbacks: validity, May unintentionally change behaviors.
Define a syndrome.
A cluster of symptoms.
How many disorders does the DSM- IV have?
List what axel 1 and axel 2 are
1. Anxiety/mood disorders
2. mental retardation, personality disorders.
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