is the movement of a limb away from the midline of the body
activities of daily living/ADL/ADLs
include bathing, grooming, brushing, teeth, eating and dressing.
is the movement of a limb toward the midline of the body
a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally.
anticholingeric (anticholinergic)/ antispasmodic drug classification
is administered to suppress smooth muscle contractions of the stomach, intestine, or bladder.
is the inability to coordinated muscle activity during voluntary movement.
means lacking normal muscle tone or strength
means weakness or wearing away of body tissues and structures.
is extreme slowness is movement.
carpal tunnel syndrome
occurs when the tendons that pass through the carpal tunnel chroncially overused and become inflamed and swollen.
hernia, tumor, swelling
chronic fatigue syndrome/CFS
a disorder of unknown cause that affects many body systems.
is the circular movement of a limb at the far end.
the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissue are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissue.
deep tendon reflex/DTR
are tested with a reflex hammer that is used to strike a tendon.
is the movement that bends the foot upward at the ankle. Decreases the angle between the top of the foot and the front of the leg.
also known as partial ataxia is a mild form of ataxia.
is a condition of abnormal muscle tone that causes the impairment of voluntary muscle movement.
a diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity within muscle fibers in response to nerve stimulation.
also known as nerve conduction studies, is a diagnostic procedure for testing and recording neuromusclar activity by the electric stimulation of the nerve trunk that carries fibers to and from the muscle.
is inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow
is the study of the human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment.
is a specialist who works under the supervision of a physician to develop, implement, and coordinated exercise programs and administer medical tests to promote physical fitness.
is inflammation of a fascia.
is a debilitating chronic condition characterized by fatigue, diffuse and or specific muscle, joint, or bone pain, and a wide range of other symptons.
is a harmless fluid filled swelling that occurs most commonly on the outer surface of the wrist.
is a calcium deposit in the plantar fascia near its attachment to the calcaneus (heel) bone that can be one of the causes of plantar fasciitis.
is a slight paralysis or weakness affecting one side of the body.
is total paralysis affecting only one side of the body.
is abnormally increased muscle function or activity.
is a condition of excessive tone of the skeletal muscle.
is abnormally increased muscle function or activity.
a condition in which there is diminished tone of the skeletal muscles.
occurs when inflamed and swollen tendons are caught in the narrow space between the bones within the should joint.
is pain in the leg muscles that occurs during exercise and is relieved by rest.
muscul/o, my/o, myos/o
30 genetic diseases that are characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles that control movement, without affecting the nervous system.
a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the neuromusclar junction and produces serious weakness of voluntary muscles.
is the herniation of muscle substance through a tear in the fascia surrounding it.
is the sudden, involuntary jerking of a muscle or group of muscles.
a specialized soft tissue manipulation technique used to ease the pain of conditions such as fibromyalgia, myofascial pain syndrome, movement restrictions, temporonadibular joint disorders, and carpal tunnel syndrome.
the degeneration of muscle tissue.
a weakness or slight muscular paralysis.
is the surgical suturing a muscle wound.
is a neromusclar disorder characterized by the slow relaxation of the muscles after a voluntary contraction.
jerking of the limbs that can occur normally as a person is falling asleep.
means slanted or at an angle
is the loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movements in muscle through disease or injury to its nerve supply.
the paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body.
a physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation with the focus on restoring functions.
helps treatment to prevent disability or to restore functioning through the use of exercise, heat, massage and other methods to improve circulation, flexibility and muscle strength.
is an inflammation of the plantar fascia on the sole of the foot.
a muscle disease characterized by the simultaneous inflammation and weakening of voluntary muscles in many parts of the body.
the act of rotating the arm or leg so that the palm of the hand or sole of the foot is turned downward or backward.
is paralysis of all four extremities.
rest, ice, compression, elevation/RICE
the most common first aid treatment of muscular injuries.
the loss of muscle mass, strength, and function that comes with aging.
is a painful condition caused by the muscle tearing away from the tibia.
also known as hiccups,
is a stiff neck due to spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles that pull the head toward the affected side.
a ring-like muscle that tightly constricts the opening of the passageway.
spinal cord injury/SCI
determined by the level of the vertebra closest to the injury.
an injury to a joint, such as ankle, knee, or wrist that usually involves a stretched or torn ligament.
ten/o, tendo/, tendin/o
the surgical suturing of the end of a tendon to a bone.
pain in the tendon
is the release of a tendon from adhesion.
is surgical suturing together of the divided ends of a tendon.
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