CHAPTER 46: PAIN MANAGEMENT & ATI: CHAPTER 41
Last Modified: 2016-03-08
transduction, transmission, perception, and modulation
Morphine is a full agonist, the "gold standard" opioid
1 = awake and alert
2 = slightly drowsy, easily aroused
3 = frequently drowsy, arousable, drifts off to sleep during conversation
4 = somnolent, minimal or no response to physical stimulation
B. assess bowel function to prevent diarrhea (false, constipation)
C. assess pain prior to and 30 minutes after administration (false)
D. asses pain prior to and 60 minutes after administration
B. bradykinin, prostaglandins, and histamine increase pain and cause inflammatory response
C. serotonin, endorphins, and substance P decrease pain, produce analgesia
D. Histamine, serotonin, and endorphins decrease pain, produce analgesia
Use heat to increase blood flow and to reduce stiffness
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