-It symbolized the new american nation, and its preservation offered a political guarantee of independence
-Virginia's last royal governor, promised freedom to those who rallied to the king , and many slaves including some of George washigton escaped to serve in british or loyalist units.
- A New Jersey slave named Titus became "Colonel Tye" leader of an irregular Black Brigade that harassed Patriots
Articles of confederation
- A loose agreement between colonies
- Preserve the sovereignty of the states and held a tight rein on federal government
-Adopted in 1777 during the Revolutionary War, the Articles established the United States of America. The Articles granted limited powers to the central government, reserving most powers for the states. The result was a poorly defined national state that couldn't govern the country's finances or maintain stability. The Constitution replaced them in 1789
-Hamilton and the new yorker john jay published in 1788, during the campaign to ratify the the constitution
-instead of a small republic, madison saw a potential for a large one
Ipai Indians (Kumeyaay)
-attack and burn the missions san diego in response to spanish expansion in california
- came to power in philadelphia and establish a democratic, egalitarian form of government that is inspired by the ideas of Thomas Paine
- one of the founding fathers, was ostracized for his criticism and ridicule of Christianity.
Thoughts of Government (book)
-Offers a more conservative version of republican government
Articles of confederation
- go into effect in 1781
- A loose union between the colonies
Abolition of slavery
In 1780 Pennsylvania passes law providing for gradual abolition of slavery, as do Rhode island and Connecticut in 1784
- Slavery ends in Massachusetts in 1783
When and where do the British surrender?
Surrender in Yorktown, Virginia 1781
Treaty of Paris
-Treaty officially ends the Revolutionary war
- British Recognizes Americans as independents
-Territory acquired from Napoleon for $15 million
-Claimed land from the Mississippi river to the Rocky Mountains
The Presidio of San Francisco
- In 1776, the Spanish government used indian labor to build a presidio, or military post. on a high cliff overlooking the mouth of San Francisco
-His military genius and political acumen led to the establishment of the independent black state of Haiti ( Saint-Domingue), transforming an entire society of slaves into a free, self-governing people
-Leads a slave revolt to secure Haiti independence from france and strikes fear into the heart of slave owners
The constitutional convention (1787)
-meets in Philadelphia, adopting the U.S constitution on September 17
Northwest Ordinance (1787)
lays the basis for the creation of new states, encourages white settlement, and excludes American Indians from the new political arrangements
Federalist Papers (1788)
James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and john jay write and publish 85 essays
arguing for the ideas embodied in the new constitution adopted in Philadelphia
- The first federal administration, with George Washington as president, takes office
Bill of rights
- The first 10 amendments to the U.S constitution is ratified (1791)
-Although the Anti-Federalists failed to block the ratification of the Constitution, they did ensure that the Bill of Rights would be created to protect individuals from government interference and possible tyranny. The Bill of Rights, drafted by a group led by James Madison, consisted of the first ten amendments to the Constitution, which guaranteed the civil rights of American citizens.
Confederation of shawnee (1791)
Members of the tribe kill,wound, and capture 900 soldiers out of an American force of 1,500 sent to dislodge them from southern Ohio
war between Britain and France
1793 war broke out and united states declares neutrality
Who defeated republican Thomas Jefferson
Federalist John adams in the first contested Presidential race
Alien and Sedition Act
Curtailing acts to political expression
Thomas Jefferson Fathered a son with?
Sally Hemings a slave
Native american religious and political leader of the shawnee tribe
leads a religious awakening among Northwest Indian tribes
Who ends the limiting voting rights of women?
New Jersey abolishes th property qualification for voting
Who imposes a trade embargo on the warring Britain and France?
The Jefferson administration
when does the united states declare war on Britain ?
End of the battle with britain
U.S troops , commanded by general Andrew Jackson, defeat British troops in the battle of New Orleans; both sides are unaware that the United States and Britain had already signed the Treaty of Ghent, ending their war.
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