The Greek City-State where Plato seeks to rationalize, spiritualize, and universalize the ideal life
Plato believed was "government by the best"
Plato believed was "Government by people of honor and ambition"
Plato believed was "government by the rich and lovers of money"
Plato believed was "government by the many poor". Is based on everyone's having "an equal share of freedom and power"
Emerges when democratic people lose a sense of law and order turn to a "champion" to protect them against the rich. It is the lawless rule of one individual, is the worst form of government and receives Plato's harshest criticism.
Criticizes key features of Plato's Republic an unrealistic
Constitutional Government, a mixture of democracy and oligarchy. Middle class represent "golden mean" . The form of government that Aristotle thinks would work best.
Thomas Aquinas defined as "an ordinance of reason for the common good, promulgated by him who has the care of the community"
the reason of God "god's grand design" by which the universe and all things in it are governed. Humans know good from evil (TA)
the part of the eternal law known through reason (TA)
the application, in specific circumstances, of natural law in our earthly affairs (TA)
revealed by God and found in the scriptures, it helps human beings understand natural law while guiding them toward the supernatural end (TA)
the "creed which accepts as the foundation of morals 'utility' or the 'greatest happiness principal'. actions are right if they promote happiness (Mill)
Modified laisse-faire political economy
an economy with no government intervention, the satisfaction of human needs and the advancement of individual and social happiness (Mill)
Allegory of The Cave
Most of humanity dwells in the cave, it is up to the educated to lead the world into the light of knowledge (Plato)