Research methodologies used to describe a contemporary or historically recent culture.
Methods that test hypotheses by systematically comparing elements from many cultures.
Collecting cultural data by studying and interviewing living members of a society.
Studying a people's culture using written accounts and other records.
is the most basic method of collecting cultural data.
The main technique used in conducting ethnographic fieldwork, involving living among a people and participating in their daily activities.
Consultant or Informant
An individual who supplies the ethnographer with information.
Key consultants or key informants
Individuals whom the local community considers to be expert in some particular area.
Are symptoms like psychological and sometimes even physiological: paranoia, anxiety, longing for the folks back home, nausea, hypochondria, and frequently diarrhea.
Is the study of past cultural systems through the use of written records.
The most frequently used comparative method for testing a hypothesis using a sample of societies drawn from around the world.
Controlled Historical Comparisons
A methodology for testing a hypothesis using historic changes in society.
Having preconceived mental images of a group that bias the way one perceives group members and interprets their behavior.
Involves the collection of cultural date from living individuals.
Consists of a limited number of specific questions. The interview is best suited for collecting general quantitative data about the group.
The researcher asks open-ended questions, hoping that the respondent will elaborate on the answers. Questions may be general, about family life, marriage, a particular religious ritual, or economic activity. Most cultural data is collected through unstructured interviews.
Means acceptance to the degree that a working relationship is possible, although ethnographers are rarely if ever, totally accepted by the people among whom they work.
The things people shape or make from natural resources.
Is a large body of shared knowledge that people learn adn use to engage in this behavior.
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