the achievement of one's full potential through creativity,independence, spontaneity, and a grasp of the real world
the inherent tendency of the organism to develop all its capacities in ways which serve to maintain or enhance the organism
autonomy vs. heteronomy
the responsible person is the actualizing person who moves from heteronomy, or control by others and the environment, to autonomy, or inner control
markers that represent an expressed or inferred readiness for specific change tasks
conditions of worth
conditions a person must meet in order to regard themselves positively as worthy; the conditions develop when individuals begin to act in accordance with the introjected or internalized values of others
according to motivational interviewing, it is seen in therapists who respond to client resistance with confrontation or arguements
Roger’s term for people who let the self and the personality emerge from experience: They discover a sense of structure in experience that results in a flowing, changing organization of self and personality
fully functioning person
Roger’s ideal for the good life; this person is open to experience, living primarily in the present, neither processing information that belongs to the past nor omitting information that belongs to the present
occurs between what is being experienced and what is symbolized as part of a person’s self concept, results when experiences are distorted or denied ex: I cannot experience anger and still feel good about myself. Yet, when in a situation that would provoke anger, I unknowingly pucker my lips and whistle.
in motivational interviewing, a discrepancy between present behaviors (real self) and desired goals (more ideal self) that provides motivation that triggers behavior and change
(MI) a major alternative to person-centered therapy, it is a person-centered directive approach that enhances intrinsic motivation to change by helping clients explore and resolve ambivalence (described my William Miller as Carl Rogers in new clothes)
necessary and sufficient conditions
according to Rogers, the 6 conditions necessary for a relationship to result in constructive personality change, taken together they are sufficient to account for any therapeutic change: relationship, vulnerability, genuineness, unconditional positive regard, accurate empathy, and perception of genuineness
allows us to value positively those experiences perceived as maintaining or enhancing our lives and to value negatively those experiences that would negate such growth
new name for client centered therapy, as it expanded to couples, groups, and family therapy formats positive regard/ unconditional positive
one of the largest psychotherapy outcome studies in history, it compared four sessions of and early from of MI to 12 sessions of Cognitive-behavioral Coping Skill Training and to 12 sessions of Twelve-step facilitation therapy.
mirroring back to the client what they are expressing without distorting or interpreting it
roll with resistance
in motivational interviewing, a term used to describe the therapist’s use of the energy in the client to steer the interaction rather than arguing with the client
the ability of the organism to discriminate stimuli at a level below what is required for conscious recognition
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