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GEOMETRIC KRATER, FROM THE KEPYLON CEMETERY, ATHENS, GREECE, ca. 740 BCE. 3' 4" HIGH. METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART, NEW YORK
Figure painting reappeared in Greece in the geometric period, named for the abstrac ornamenta on vessels like this krater, wihc features a mournign scene and procession ini honor of the deceaced.
HERO AND THE CENTAUR 9 HERAKLES AND NESSOS?), FROM OLYMPIA, GREECE, ca. 750-730 BCE. BRONZE, 41/2" HIGH
Sculpture of the geometric period is small scale, and the figrues have simple sylized shapes. The solid-cast bronze statuete dpicts a cro battling a centaur.
Mantikols statuette of a couth cedicatted by Mantiklos to Apollo, from Thebe, Greece, ca. 700-680 BCE. Bronze, 8" high.
Mantiklos de4dicated this statuette to Apollo, and it probably represents the god. The treatement of th ebody reveals the interest seventh centry BCE
LADY OF AUSERRE, ca. 650 - 625 BCE. lIMESTONE, 2' 1 1/2" HIGH.
pROBABLY FROM CRETE, THYIS KORE (MAIDEN) TYPFIES THE SO - CALLED DAEDALIC STYLE OF THE SEVENTH CENTURY BCE. WITH ITS TRIANGULAR FACES.
KOURS, ca. 600 BCE. Marble, 6' 1/2" high.
The sulpors of the earlist life size satues of kourol (young men) adopted the Egyptian pose, but the kouroi are nude and literated from the orgigial blok of stone
Calf bearer, didicated y Rhonbos on the Acropolis, Athes, grece ca. 560 BCE. Marble restored height 5' 5" high
Thes status of a bearded man briging a alf to sacrice in thanksgingig to athena is one of the first to employ the so - called Archaic smile.
KROISOS, FROM ANAVYSO, GRECE, ca. 530 BCE. Marble 6'4"
this later kouros stood over the grave of Kroisos, a young man who died in a battle. The statue displays incresed naturalism in its proportions and more rounded modeling of face, torso, and limbs.
Peplos Kore, form the acropolis , Athens, Greece, ca. 530 BCE Marble, 4' high
Unlike men, women are always clothe in Archaic statuary. This kore is a votive sttue of a godess wearign four garments.
Kore from the Acropolis, Athens grece, ca. 520 -510 BCE
Archaic sculptors delighted in renderign the intradat asymments patters created by the cascading folds of garments like the lonian chiton and himation worn by smiling Acropolis Kore.
Temple of Hera 1 ("Basilica"), Paestum, Italy, ca. 550 BCE.
The peristyle of the huge early doric temple consistes of heavey, closely spaced, cigar shaped columns with bulky, pancakelike capitals , charteistc features of Archaic Geek Architecture
West pediment from the Temple of Artemis, Corfu, Greece, ca. 600-580 BCe. Limestone greatest height 9' 4".
The hideos Medus and tow [pantes at the center of teh early pedimet serve as temple guardians. To either side, and much smaller are scenes from the Trojan war and the battle of the Gods and Giants.
Kletias and Ergotimos, Francois vase (Athenian Black figure volue Krater, from Chiusi, Italy ca. 570 BCE
Found in an Eturscan tomb, the huge Krater is signed by both the painter adn the potter and has more thatn 200 mythological figures presented.
Exekias, Achilles and Ajaz playing a dice game (detail form an Athenian Black-figure amphora), from Vuluci, italy c. 540-530 BCE
The dramatic tension, ajustmet of figurs poses to the vases shape, and intricau of the engraved patters of cloaks an hallmarks of Exekia, teh great master of Black figrue painting
Andorkide Painter, achiles and Ajaz playin a dice game ( Athenigna bilingual amphora) from orvierto Italy ca. 525-520 BCE. Black - figrue side (left and red figure side (right 1' 9" high
Around 530 BCE. the andorkides Painter inverted the red figure techinque.
Euphrsonios, Herakles wrestling Antaios (detail of an Athenian red figrure calz Krater) from Cerverteri, Italy , ca. 510 BCE.
Euphronios rejected the age old composite view or his depiction of Herakels and the Giant Antais and insted attempted to reproduce the human body.
Temple of Apphaia, Aegina, Greece, ca. 500-490 BCE.
In this refined ealry fith centruy BCe doric degin the colums are more slendeer and widely spaced, and there are only 6 columns on the facade and 12 on the flanks
Thenple of Hera 2, Pestum, Italy, ca. 460 BCe.
Teh second Hera temple at Pestum was modled on Libon's tmple of Zeus at Olympia desgin, but the later bildign lacks the pedimental structre of its model.
East pedimetn from teh Temple of Seus, olypia, Greece, ca. 470 - 456 BcE. Marble, 87' wide.
The east pediment of the Seus Teple depicts the chariot race between Pelops and Oinomaos, whic began at olympia.
Seer, from the east pediemtn of the Temple of zeus, Olympia Greece, ca. 470 -456 BCe Marble , full figre ' 6" high
Teh baldign seer in the olympia east pediment is a rare depiction of old age in the clasical sculpture
Kritos Boy from the Acropolis, atehns greece, ca. 480 BCe. marble 2' 10" high
Thes is the first state to show howa person natuall stands. the sculpture dedicatedthe shifting of weight from one foot to another.
Warrior from the sea of riace, Italy, ca. 460-450 BCE. Broze 6'6" high.
The Bronze Riace warrior sttauee has inlaid eyes silver teeth and eye lashes, adn copper lips an nipples
Zeus (or Poseidon?), from the sea of cape artemision, Geece, ca. 460 -450 BCE Bronze 6' 10"
In this Early classical statue of Zeus hurling a tunder bold, both arms are bodly extended and the right heel is rasied off the groudn underscoring the lighness and stabilty of hollow cast broze staturs
Myron, Diskbolos . Roman marble copy of a bronze orginal ca. 450
This marble copy of Myron's lost bronze statue captures how the sulptor froze the action of discus throwing and arranged the nude athletes body adn limbs.
Roman marble copy from pompeii, italy, after a bronze original of ca. 450 -440 BCE.
polykleitos sought to porrya the perfect man and to impose order on human movement.
(temple of Thena)
Parthenos, looking southeast), Acropolis, Athens, Greece, 447-438
The architects of the Prarthenon believed that perfect beauty could be achieved by using harmonic proportions. The ratio for large and smaller parts was x= 2y +1
The east pedimetn of the Prthenon depicts the birth o Athena at the left th horses of helios the sun emoerg from the pediment floor
The Godesses Hestia, Kone, and Aphrodiete from the east pedimen of th Prthenon Acropolis Athens Greece.
Details of the Panathenac Festival procesion frieze, from the Parthenon Acropolis ca. 447-438
The Parthenon inonci frieze reprstes the procession of citizens on horseback and on foot aht took place every foru years under the watchful eyes of the Gods
Minesikles Propylaia, Acropolis, Athens, Greece, 437-432 BCE
Minesikles disguised the change of ground levelby splittign the propylaia into eastern adn western ections. Each facade resembeles a Doric temple but with a wider space between central columns
Kallikrates, Temple of Athena Nike (looking southwest). acropolis, Athens, Greece, ca. 427-424 BCe.
The Ionic temple at the entrace to the Acropolis is a unusual amphiprostyle building. It celebrated Athena as brigne of victory.
Phiale Pinter, Hermes brign the infant Kionysos to Papposilemos ca. 440-435 BCE. 1' 2" high
In the Phiale Painter's white ground represntation of Hermes adn the infant Dysos as Nysa, the us of diluted brown to color and shade the rocks may also reflec the work of polygnotos.
Lysippos, WEary Herakles Roman marble copy from Rome, Italy, signed by Glyron of Athens ca. 320 BCE
Lysippos portrayal of Herakles after the hero objaid golden apples of the Hepeides ironiclly shw the mytholgical strong man as so weary the he must lean on his club for support.
Gnosis, stag hunt, from pella Greece, ca. 300 BCE. Peble mosaic, figural panel 10'2" high. Archaeological museum Pella.
The floor mossaics at the Macedonian capital of pella are of the ealy type made with pebble of various natural colors. this stag hunt by Gnosis bears the earliest know signature of a mosaic
Philoxenos of Eretria, Battle of Issus, ca. 310 BCE. Roman copy from around the 1st century BCE
Philoxenos Battle of Issus was considered one of the greatest painting of antiquity in the captured psychologica intenerty of the controbution betweeen the tow kings;\\
Polykleitos the Younger, Theater Epidauros
Teh Greeks always slituated alwasys situated their her tharter on hill sides whis suppord the danvea on son seats opver looking th cirular stoe seate the [idauros therter is the inest in greece
Reconstructed west from the Altar of Zeus Pergamon Turkey ca. 175 BCE.
The gigantomachy frieze of pregamons momuntual altar of Zus is amos 4000 ft. lon the balttle of gods ad giants allud to the victioy.
Athena battling Alkyoneos detail of gigalmonarchy frieze, Turkey c. 175 BCE.
The tumultions battle scense of power unparalles in earlier Greek adn vilen movemnign swirling disapllel vivid epison and sufferin the frieze.
Epigonos dying Gaus. Roman marble copy of a broze orgiinal of ca. 230-220 BCE, 3' 1/2"
The gauls in the pergamene victory group were shown as barbarians with bush hair ustaschesw and nech bands.but they wer also protrayed as noble foes who fought ot the end.
Nike of Samothrace, from samothrace grece ca. 190 BcE. marble figrue
victor. The pplacement of the statue in a fountain of splashing waer frieghted the draic visual affect.
Alexandor of Antioch on the meander aphodite from melos grecce c. 150-125
Displaying the eroticism of many hellenistic statues this Anphorite has a slipping garment to tease the spectator.
Sleeping satyr from roemitaly ca. 230-200 bCE maerble 7'1"
is this statue of a restlesly sleepign dunken satyr an a heleness sculpto portrayed
Rome Italy ca. 100-50 BCE. bronze 4' 2"
Even when Hellenistic artist treated tradition thems they apporathe them in novel ways theis bornze statue repreant an oldr defeated bozer itha broken nose adn battered ears.
old markent women ca. 150-100 BCe.
Consisten with the realism of Hellenistic art, many satues portrayed ole men women from the fowest rungs society .
Poly Demotheros Roman marble copy of a bronze original of ca. 280 BCE. 6' 71/2"
one of thearliest Hellenistic prtrats frequent copied was polysekios
Athanadoros Haesandros and polydoros of Rhodes lacoon and his sons from Rome, 7' 10 1/2 "
Hellenistic shsylw lived on in Rome Although stylistially akin to premen sculpte this statue of sea sons matche the accoun give on int eh Aneid.
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