even slight shifts can disrupt metabolic reactions
What is hyperthermia?
abnormally high body temperature
What is hypothermia?
abnormally low body temperature
a normal response to injury or stress
What happens during inflammation?
blood vessels in affected tissues dilate and become more permeable, allowing fluids to leak into damages tissues
What can happen to inflamed skin?
it can redden, swell, become warm, or become painful
What is a first-degree burn?
It only reaches the epidermis and is a superficial and partial-thickness burn
What is a second-degree burn?
Reaches the dermis, but is still only partial-thickness
What is a third degree burn?
Reaches the hypodermis and is a full-thickness burn that requires an autograft, homograft, or skin substitute
As a person ages, their skin...
becomes scaly forms age spots has a thinner epidermis, hair, reduced dermis loses fat wrinkles sags secretes less oil produces less melanin loses hair follicles impairs nail growth declines sensory receptors trouble controlling body temp., activating Vitamin D
What are the two layers of the dermis?
papillary layer and reticular layer
What is albinism?
When a person has no melanin
Is albinism a virus, bacteria, or genetic?
Is a wart a virus, bacteria, or genetic?
Can warts spread?
Is acne a virus, bacteria, or genetic?
What does is affected to create acne?
the sebacious glands
What is eczema/psoriosis?
when the skin is dry, red, or itchy
What is skin cancer?
When the squamous cells are out of control
What is the most common form of skin cancer?
What is athlete's foot?
a fungus between the toes or on the soles
Can athlete's foot spread?
What is a birthmark?
a dark of reddened patch of skin that is visible from birth
Are birthmarks a virus, bacteria, or genetic?
What is the dermis mostly made up of?
What is in the dermis?
sebacious and sweat glands, nerves, arrector pili muscle, hair follicle, and hair shaft
What is another name for the sebacious gland?
Which sweat gland activates during puberty?
What does the apocrine gland do?
Responds to stress by causing odor
Where are apocrine glands mostly found?
groin and armpit
Where are apocrine glands from?
What do eccrine glands do?
perspire to cool body due to increased body temperature
What is the subcutaneous layer made up of?
Which layer of the epidermis undergoes mitosis?
What is the stratum basale also known as?
Want to see the other 76 Flashcards in Chapter 6- Integumentary System?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!