Chapter 6 Psychology
Last Modified: 2011-10-07
Classical Conditioning- the subject does not control the events
Operant Conditioning- the subject controls the outcome
Conditioned (Secondary) reinforcers
innately reinforcing and often reduce biological needs
Ex- food, water, shelter, sleep, procreation
neutral stimuli that gains reinforcing power after being linked with a primary reinforcer
Ex- Money + Food = eat food, get full
-Use a realtively intense punisher
-Punish the behavior immediately
-Punish every time
-Punish and withhold reinforcement
-Behavior is suppressed, punisher is reinforcer
-Behavior may "move" elsewhere
-Punishment can teach fear
-Physical punishment can teach aggression
-remove a contingency previously in place
-you are taking something away so that a response is decreased
-any consequences that decreases the behavior it follows
-tells you what not to do
-example of this is disciplining (e.g. spanking) a child for misbehaving
-The reason we do this is because the child begins to associate being punished with the negative behavior.
-punishment is not liked and therefore to avoid it, he or she will stop behaving in that manner.
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