Which of Piaget's stages lasts from birth to about 2 years of age?
Rooting and sucking occur during the first sensorimotor substage called
A scheme based on a reflex that has become completely separate from its eliciting stimulus is called
Karina leaves her 3-month-old son with a childcare provider. Piaget would argue that Karina's son does not miss Karina because he has not developed
Why does the finding that 4-month-old infants have intermodal perception challenge Piaget's theory?
Piaget argued that young infants do not have the ability to coordinate sensory information from multiple sources
When her mother takes away her stuffed rabbit, Barbra looks to her toy box rather than behind her mother's back. Barbara has committed a(n)
The preoperational stage lasts from ages
2 to 7
Piaget labeled his second stage preoperational thought meaning that children in this phase
Cannot yet use internalized actions to do mentally what they used to only do physically
Five-Year-old Marta draws a picture with purple, blue, green, yellow and brown. "It's a boat on the ocean at sunset, with whales jumping all around it!" she explains. Marta is showing evidence of
Angie asks her grandmother over the phone, "Do you like my new shirt that I'm wearing?" This is an example of
Karl covers his stuffed toys before bedtime to make sure they are not cold. This is an example of
Janie is exhausting her father with a barrage of "why" questions. She is trying to figure out why things are the way they are. Janie is in Piaget's
Intuitive thought substage
According to Piaget, which of the following is characteristic of a child in the preoperational stage?
They tend to ask a barrage of questions
The belief in the permanence of certain attributes of objects or situations despite superficial changes is called
Nathan and Sara are eating granola bars. Sara breaks her bar in half. Nathan gets upset because Sara has two granola bars. Nathan has not developed the concept of
Centering attention on one characteristic of an object or concept to exclusion of all others is
The concrete operational stage lasts from ages
7 - 11
In explainin the ability to conserve, Gelman focuses on ________, whereas Piaget focuses on _____.
In cross-cultural studies assessing the concept of conservation, findings indicate that
Communication between the experimenter and research participant is essential to obtaining accurate information
Cassidy understands that her mother is also her grandparents' daughter, her cousin's aunt and her uncle's sister. This is an example of
Brenda sorts buttons by shape, size, type or color. Classification is a characteristic of which Piagetian stage?
Julio understands that he is older than his brother and younger than his sister. This is an example of
Teacher asks students to line up according to height. Todd understands that those in front of him must be shorter than him and everyone behind him must be taller. This is an example of
The formal operational stage appears between ages
11 and 15
Marni thinks about how the world could be if everyone took more personal responsibility for the environment. Marni is in which of Piaget's stages?
Which of the following stages do children usually enter later than Piaget thought?
Formal operational stage
Which of the following is TRUE of the formal operational stage?
Many American adults never become formal operational thinkers
"What if the sun were to explode?" asks Alene. "But it never has," replies Janis. "But what if it DID?" insists Alene. In this example, Alene is exhibiting ________ thought, whereas Janis is showing _____ thought.
According to Piaget, adolescents DIFFER from younger children in that younger children cannot
Systematically and mentally test hypotheses
While preparing his science project, Carlos systematically tests his best guess on his subject and draws conclusions from the results. What formal operation is he using?
Adolescent egocentrism is characterized by
A heightened self-consciousness
Halene is sure that her classmates are staring at her new haircut. This is an example of
An imaginary audience
Some adolescents engage in risky behaviors, because they believe they are invulnerable to the negative consequences of these actions. This is an example of
A personal fabel
Following the homecoming game, a group of senior high school students went to a party where they drank alcohol and drove home. This behavior is most likely linked to their adolescent sense of:
Which of the following is a criticism of Piaget's cognitive development theory?
Some cognitive abilities emerge earlier and some later than Piaget thought
Jamal is a 17-year-old high school student. Which of the following statements about his cognitive stage of development is true?
Jamal may still think in concrete operational ways and may not become a formal operational thinker
Like Piaget, Vygotsky believed that children:
Actively construct their knowledge and understanding
Piaget is to _________, as Vygotsky is to ___________.
Physical world/Social interaction
Vygotsky DIFFERS from Piaget in how he stresses the importance of ______for cognitive development.
According to Vygotsky, the range of tasks that are too difficult for the child to master alone but that can be learned with guidance and assistance is:
The zone of proximal development
Ms. Whitaker incorporates peer tutoring in her classroom. With whose theory does this method fit?
When working with children, adults often provide assistance, instruction and other support. As children demonstrate they can do more for themselves, Vygotsky recommends that adults begin to withdraw these supports. This demonstrates the concept of:
Vygotsky's theory states that children use speech not only for social communication but also for
For Piaget, private speech is _________, but for Vygotsky it is _________.
Egocentric and immature/an important tool of thought
Brent talks himself through his math calculation homework. This is an example of:
When self-talk becomes second nature to children and they can act without verbalizing, they have begun to use
According to Piaget and Vygotsky, a teacher 's role is that of:
Mr. Jericho needs to teach his students how to make change. Vygotsky would recommend that he:
Set up a class store and have students rotate as acting cashiers
Neither Vygotsky's nor Piaget's theory had much to say about:
Adult cognitive development
According to Schaie (1977), as young adults begin working, cognitive development switches from
Acquiring to applying knowledge
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