Similar to PTSD, but occurs within 1 month of stressor, lasts less than 4 weeks
While experiencing or after experiencing event:
numbing, detachment, or emotional unresponsiveness
reduced awareness of one's surroundings (in a daze)
sense that things are not real
sense that one's body and mind are not connected
inability to recall an important aspect of the trauma
2. Re-experiencing the traumatic event through recurrent images, thoughts, dreams, illusions, flashbacks, reliving, when exposed to reminders 3. Avoidance of stimuli that arouse recollections of the trauma 4. Symptoms of anxiety or increased arousal (difficulty sleeping, irritability, poor concentration, hypervigilance, exaggerated startle response
Depressive and anxiety symptoms, and/or anti-social behaviors
Arises 3 months after onset of stressor.
How does an adjustment disorder differ from PTSD?
Stressor for PTSD must be extreme, a stressor for an adjustment disorder can be of any severity.
What symptoms occur in PSTD and ASD, but not an adjustment disorder?
Re-experiencing of the event
What are the most potent predictors of people's reactions to trauma?
The severity and duration of the trauma
longer lasting, more severe = PTSD
The person's proximity to the trauma
closer = PTSD
Social contributors to PTSD
1. Severity, duration, proximity 2. Social Support