Last Modified: 2009-10-26
Related Textbooks:Abnormal Psychology
Related Textbooks:Abnormal Psychology Media and Research Update with MindMap CD
Related Textbooks:Abnormal Psychology, Fourth Edition W/CD
Related Textbooks:Abnormal Psychology: Study Guide
- Re-experiencing of the traumatic event
- Emotional numbing and detachment
- Hyper-vigilance and chronic arousal
- While experiencing or after experiencing event:
- numbing, detachment, or emotional unresponsiveness
- reduced awareness of one's surroundings (in a daze)
- sense that things are not real
- sense that one's body and mind are not connected
- inability to recall an important aspect of the trauma
3. Avoidance of stimuli that arouse recollections of the trauma
4. Symptoms of anxiety or increased arousal (difficulty sleeping, irritability, poor concentration, hypervigilance, exaggerated startle response
Arises 3 months after onset of stressor.
- longer lasting, more severe = PTSD
- closer = PTSD
2. Social Support
2. Pre-existing distress
3. Coping styles (dissociation is bad)
2. The world is meaningful and just and things happen for a reason
3. Bad things do not happen to good people.
- amygdala (hyperactive), hippocampus (shrinkage)
- Lower baseline levels of cortisol in PSTD
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy
- Stress management
- Biological therapies
- Sociocultural approaches
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