Chapter 7 Review
Last Modified: 2012-02-13
Related Textbooks:Psychology: An Introduction
What is the definition of learning?
What are three learning situations psychologists often study?
What does it mean by associative learning?
What is a conditioned stimulus (CS)? - you must be able to identify
What is an unconditioned stimulus (UCS) - you must be able to identify
What is an unconditioned response (UCR) - you must be able to identify
What do we do to create classical conditioning?
1. Unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
produces Unconditioned Response (UCR)
What is taste aversion? Why is it special? What does it mean by biological preparedness?
How does drug tolerance develop based on classical conditioning? What would act as a CS? What is CR?
What is extinction? How can we create extinction?
What is counterconditioning? What do we do? Why do we need it?
What is stimulus generalization? What is stimulus discrimination?
What is operant conditioning (or instrumental conditioning)? What is it based on?
Thorndike used two concepts to explain the behavior of the cat escaping from the puzzle box. What are they? What did he mean by trials and errors? What did he mean by the law of effect?
What was the most famous psychologist (other than Thorndike) studied the effect of behavioral consequence? What did he do? What is Skinner Box?
What is positive reinforcement? Give examples.
What is negative reinforcement? Give examples.
What is positive punishment? Give examples.
After being spanked, your child stop picking on his brother
What is escape conditioning? What is avoidance conditioning? What is the difference between the two?
Given that alcoholism is motivated by the removal of stress that creates negative reinforcement, what can you do to get rid of it?
What is a discriminative stimulus? What is SD and what is SΔ? Which one signals the availability of reinforcement?
What is continuous reinforcement? What is partial reinforcement? Which one do you need to use when you want to create a response that will resist extinction? What does it mean by partial reinforcement effect?
What is the schedule of reinforcement?
What is the variable ratio (VR) schedule? What is the unique characteristic of VR schedule? What does it mean by VR 100?
What is the variable interval (VI) schedule?
What are the guidelines you need to keep in mind when you apply punishment?
What is learned helplessness? How did Seligman discover this phenomenon? What did you do to undo this condition?
Which psychologist became famous for studying observational learning?
What is modeling? What are the two mechanisms that drive modeling? What is vicarious reinforcement? What is vicarious punishment?
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