nonconformity to a given set of norms that are accepted by a significant number of people in a communal society.
any reaction from others to the behavior of an individual or group that?s meant to ensure that the person or group complies with a given norm.
norms defined by governments as principles that the citizens must follow; sanctions are used against people who don?t conform to them.
any type of behavior that breaks a law.
withdrawn, emotionless characters who delight in violence for its own sake.
idea suggested by Durkheim that in modern societies, traditional norms, and standards become undermind without being replaced by new ones. Anomie exists where there are no clear standards to guide behavior in a given area of social life.
in a society that contains a variety of subcultures, some social environments tend to encourage illegal activities, whereas others doubt.
originally connected with marijuana studies-its an activity accepted by many in the mainstream of society.
the initial act of transgression.
when the individual comes to accept the label and sees himself as deviant.
deviance is deliberately chosen and other political in nature.
Based on deviance in terms of the structure of society and the presentation of power among the ruling class.
crime occurs as a result of an imbalance between impulses toward criminal activity and the social or physical controls that deter it.
White collar crime
crime typically carried out by people in the more affluent sectors of society.
types of offenses that are committed by large corporations in society.
forms of activity that have some at the characteristics of orthodox business but that are illegal.
internet based crime (internet fraud)
not only drawing in citizens themselves but changing the characteristics outlook of police forces.
a form of punishing criminal and deviant behavior that attempts to maintain the ties of the offender to the community. Increase in popularity recently.
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