The process of linking specific tasks to specific jobs and deciding what techniques, equipments, and procedures should be used to perform those tasks
A set of principles and practices stressing job simplification and specialization. Developed by Taylor to increase the performance of individual employees. It's motivational focus is extrinsic
Involves breaking up the work that needs to be done into the smallest identifiable tasks - jobs are designed around these narrow tasks
Results when employees are assigned to perform small, simple tasks and focus exclusively on them
Time and Motion Studies
Studies that reveal exactly how long it takes to perform a task and the best way to perform each narrow task.
Involves increasing the number of tasks an employee performs but keeping all of the tasks at the same level of difficulty and responsibility. Sometimes referred to as horizontal job loading because the content of the job is expanded, but the difficulty remains constant. Motivational focus is intrinsic