the process by which axons become coated with myelin, a fatty substance that speeds the transmission of nerve impulses from neuron to neuron.
a long band of nerve fibers that connect the left and right hemispheres of the brain.
literally, sidedness. The specialization in certain functions by each side of the brain, with one side dominant for each activity. The left side of the brain controls the right side of the body and vice versa.
the tendency to persevere in, or stick to, one thought or action for a long time.
a tiny brain structure that registers emotions, particularly fear and anxiety.
a brain structure that is a central processor of memory, especially the memory of locations.
a brain area that responds to the amygdala and the hippocampus to produce hormones that activate other parts of the brain and body. `
injury control/harm reduction
practices that are aimed at anticipating, controlling, and preventing dangerous activities; these practices reflect the beliefs that accidents are not random and that injuries can be made less harmful if proper controls are in place.
actions that change overall background conditions to prevent soem unwanted event or cicumstance, such as injury, disease, or abuse.
actions that avert harm in a high-risk situation, such as stopping a car before it hits a pedestrian.
actions, such as immediate and effective medical treatment, that are taken after an adverse event such as illness or injury occurs, and are aimed at reducing the harm or preventing disability.
intentional harm to or avoidable endangerment of anyone under 18 years of age.
deliberate action that is harmful to a child's physical, emotional, or sexual well-being.
failure to meet a child's basic physical, educational, or emotional needs.
harm or endangerment about which someone has notified the authorities.
harm or endangerment that has been reported , investigated, and verified.
post-traumatic stress disorder
a delayed reaction to a trauma or shock, which may include hyperactiivity and hyper-vigilance, displaced anger, sleeplessness, sudden terror or anxiety, and confusion between fantasy and reality.
an effort by authorities to find a long-term living situation that will provide stability and support for a maltreated child. A goal is to avoid repeated changes of caregiver or school, which can be particularly harmful for the child.
a legal, publicly supported plan in which a maltreated child is removed from the parent's custody and entrusted to another adult, who is paid to be the child's caregiver.
a form of foster care in which a relative of a maltreated child becomes the approved caregiver.
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