-they resolve conflicts in society
-they make political policy
-they help enforce laws made by congress
-eliminating racial segregation
-ensuring the separation of church and state.
-legal procedures in written forms
-special rules of access from two different parties
-setting precedents for cases so that future cases will be ruled in the same manner
-statutes that treat person differently b/c of sexual orientation should be subjected to strict scrutiny
-the california initiaitive limiting marriage to opposite sex couples violate the state constitutional rights of same sex couples
-the california initiative could not be used to preclude same sex couples from marrying
-schools faced with desegregation orders were closed.
-state payment of private school tuition in lieu of providing public schools.
-congress banned the use of federal funds under medicaid for abortions
-states passed laws to restric abortions
-states have refused to use tax money to pay for them
-diabled can't be denied employment or promotions if they can perform the duties of the job.
-disabled must be able to enjoy full and equal access to schools, parks, museums, and other public places
-disables can't be denied access to government programs or beefits.
-submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of an individual's employment
-submission to or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as the basis for employment decision affecting such an individual
-such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual's work performance or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working enviornment.
-special purpose courts such as probate, juvenile, domestic.
-reducing and capped local property tax rates
-increased the state's share of public school funding
-re-designed the business franchise tax to pay for increased state funding.
-must have a secular purpose
-as its primary effect, must neither advance nor inhibit religion
-must not foster an excessive government entaglement with religion.
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