Language is a form of communication—spoken, written, or signed—that is based on a system of:
Cases like the Wild Boy of Aveyron cause us to wonder whether language is:
due more to heredity or environment.
Six-year-old Aspen addresses her teacher, "Me goed to the park. Is you goed too?" She is displaying problems with:
The use of correct rules for conversation is part of the definition of:
The start of babbling is determined mainly by:
What primary function does vocalization (crying, cooing, babbling and gestures) accomplish for infants?
attracts attention from their caregivers and others
According to Kuhl's research, at birth, infants are "citizens of the world," able to recognize sounds regardless of from which language the syllables come. At what age do infants get better at perceiving the changes in sounds in their own language?
Why is it difficult for infants to detect word boundaries?
Adults don't pause between words when they speak.
Baby Sean most frequently uses words like "hi," "bye-bye," and "thank you." He is learning words using a(n) __________ style.
Jenny is at the zoo with her family. She points to each animal and says "doggie." This illustrates:
Two-year-old Chad says, "More cookie." The meaning conveyed is:
A preschool child states, "I catched three gooses at the farm," indicating:
overgeneralization of morphological rules.
As children move into the elementary school years, they become skilled at using syntactic rules to construct:
short, simple sentences. or lengthy, complex sentences.
The ability to make an initial connection between a word and its referent after only limited exposure to the word is:
In social situations, 4- to 5-year-olds will:
use shorter sentences when speaking to a 2-year-old.
During elementary school years, children use more complex grammar including connecting discourse, relating sentences to each other, and producing descriptions, definitions, and logical narratives. Before they can do these things in a written assignment, they must be able to do them:
Metalinguistic awareness improves considerably in the elementary school years and allows children to:
think about their language and understand what words are and define word
Research comparing the approaches of whole-language and phonics has shown that:
the phonics approach should be used in teaching children, to read but students also benefit from whole-language instruction.
Mrs. Nakayama's students have above-average writing skills. Which of the following statements most likely describes this teacher's classroom environment?
A) Classroom walls are covered with examples of effective writing. B) Mrs. Nakayama spends a significant amount of time teaching planning, drafting, and revising. C) Students set writing goals and participate in peer reviews. D) all of these
When is the easiest time to learn a second language?
variable across different language systems
When does the "tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon" become readily apparent?
A soldier suffers brain damage from an injury and is no longer able to speak. He is most likely suffering from:
Chomsky's Language Acquisition Device suggests that:
humans are biologically prewired to learn language at a certain time in a certain way.
The fact that people create novel sentences, and that children learn the syntax of their native language even if they are not reinforced for doing so are indications of weakness in which language acquisition view?
The interaction view of language emphasizes that:
language is learning in specific contexts.
Which statement is TRUE of child-directed speech?
A) It is generally automatic. B) Language is spoken in a higher pitch with simple words and sentences. C) It captures the infant's attention and maintains communication. D) all of these
An interactionist view of language emphasizes that:
both biology and experience contribute to language development.
The term "language acquisition support system" (LASS) refers to the:
behavior of a language-skilled person in structuring a child's language development.
Although very few aids are necessary for learning language, what can greatly facilitate a child's language development (Pan & Uccelli, 2009)?
interaction with caregivers
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