Chapter 9: The Expansion Of Civilization In South And Southeast Asia
A school of Buddhism that stresses personal behavior and the quest for understanding as a means of release from the world of life, rather than the intercession of bodhisattvas; predominant in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia
A school of Buddhism that promotes the idea of universal salvation through the intercession of bodhisattvas; predominant in north Asia
The scornful name for Theravada Buddhism ("lesser vehicle") used by devotees of Mahayana Buddhism
In some schools of Buddhism, an individual who has achieved enlightenment but, because of his great compassion, has chosen to renounce Nirvana and to remain on earth in spirit form to help all human beings achieve release from reincarnation
The main religion in India. It emphasizes reincarnation, based on the results of the previous life and the desirability of escaping this cycle. It's various forms feature both asceticism and the pleasures of ordinary life and encompass a multitude of gods as different manifestations of one ultimate reality
In Hinduism, devotion as a means of religious observance open to all persons regardless of class
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