Amphiarthroses are less movable than diarthroses. True False
Intervertebral discs form cartilagenous joints between the vertebrae. True False
The carpal and tarsal bones are joined by gomphoses. True False
A synchondrosis and symphysis differ only with respect to what type of cartilage joins adjacent bones to each other. True False
A meniscus is a type of bursa seen, for example, in the space between the femur and tibia. True False
The fibrous capsule of a synovial joint is continuous with the periosteum of the adjoining bones. True False
The shoulder is a good example of a hinge joint. True False
Circumduction is limited to ball and socket joints. True False
If you have been pointing toward a car on your right using your right hand and then you reach into your pocket for your keys, your arm has exhibited adduction. True False
The right and left halves of the hard palate are joined by a plane suture. True False
The wrist can be hyperextended but the elbow cannot. True False
Grasping a doorknob with your right hand and turning the knob clockwise to open the door is an example of pronation. True False
Closing your mouth is an example of elevation of the mandible. True False
A single joint may combine features of condyloid, hinge, and gliding joints. True False
The shoulder joint is stabilized mainly by its three glenohumeral ligaments. True False
Many anatomists say that the human body has no true A. secondclass levers. B. thirdclass levers. C. syndesmoses. D. synostoses. E. saddle joints.
Unlike other joints, a ___ does not join two bones to each other. A. pivot joint B. cartilagenous joint C. gomphosis D. squamous suture E. synchondrosis
Which movement is limited to the foot? A. pronation B. elevation C. dorsiflexion D. abduction E. circumduction
Which of these is a firstclass lever? A. the humeroulnar joint B. the talocrural joint C. the knee joint D. any metacarpophalangeal joint E. the atlantooccipital joint
E. the atlantooccipital joint
Which of these is not part of the temporomandibular joint? A. meniscus B. sphenomandibular ligament C. temporomandibular ligament D. annular ligament E. mandibular fossa
D. annular ligament
Which of these bursae is not associated with the shoulder joint? A. olecranon bursa B. subdeltoid bursa C. subacromial bursa D. subcoracoid bursa E. subscapular bursa
A. olecranon bursa
Which of these is a gliding joint? A. the humeroscapular joint B. the atlantooccipital joint C. any interphalangeal joint D. the talocrural joint E. the patellofemoral joint
E. the patellofemoral joint
The rotator cuff includes tendons of all of the following muscles except A. the subscapularis. B. the biceps brachii. C. the infraspinatus. D. the teres minor. E. the supraspinatus.
B. the biceps brachii.
The humerus is held in the glenoid cavity more securely by the ___ than by any other structure. A. glenohumeral ligament B. transverse humeral ligament C. biceps brachii tendon D. coracoid process E. glenoid labrum
C. biceps brachii tendon
If two bones are joined so firmly together they cannot move, they form A. a diarthrosis. B. a fibrous joint. C. a syndesmosis. D. a synarthrosis. E. a symphysis.
D. a synarthrosis.
The hyaline costal cartilage that attaches a rib to the sternum forms A. a synchondrosis. B. a symphysis. C. a synarthrosis. D. a syndesmosis. E. a synostosis.
A. a synchondrosis.
The cartilage pad called a meniscus is found within the knee and ___ joints. A. elbow B. finger C. hip D. intervertebral E. temporomandibular
Which of the following joints is multiaxial? A. a saddle joint B. the coxal joint C. a condyloid joint D. a hinge joint E. the proximal radioulnar joint
B. the coxal joint
To raise your hand and place it on the shoulder of a person standing in front of you involves ___ of the shoulder. A. abduction B. adduction C. flexion D. extension E. elevation
To be sitting on a sofa and raise your arm to rest it on the back of the sofa involves ___ at the shoulder joint. A. abduction B. adduction C. lateral excursion D. extension E. elevation
C. lateral excursion
If you hug yourself to keep warm, the shoulders are A. pronated. B. protracted. C. supinated. D. retracted. E. flexed.
A man raises his chin to shave his neck. This action is A. elevation of the mandible. B. extension of the neck. C. hyperextension of the neck. D. abduction of the neck. E. dorsiflexion of the neck.
C. hyperextension of the neck.
If you stand on tiptoes to reach something on a high shelf, you are performing ___ at the ankle joint. A. eversion. B. abduction. C. opposition. D. dorsiflexion. E. plantar flexion.
E. plantar flexion.
A fibrous joint cannot also be A. a gomphosis. B. a diarthrosis. C. an amphiarthrosis. D. a synarthrosis. E. a suture.
B. a diarthrosis.
Suppose you cup your hands to hold some water. This action would most likely involve A. pronation of the forearm. B. circumduction of the wrists. C. opposition of the thumb. D. abduction of the fingers. E. adduction of the fingers.
E. adduction of the fingers.
Suppose you are looking at the back of your hand and you turn your fingers upward to admire a new ring. A motion employed in this would be A. dorsiflexion of the hand. B. hyperextension of the wrist. C. extension of the wrist. D. flexion of the wrist. E. hyperextension of the metacarpophalangeal joints.
B. hyperextension of the wrist.
As you take a bite from an apple, you are using mainly ___ of the mandible. A. protraction and retraction B. eversion and inversion C. lateral and medial excursion D. adduction and abduction E. depression and elevation
E. depression and elevation
A metacarpophalangeal joint is A. a pivot joint. B. a ball and socket joint. C. a gliding joint. D. a hinge joint. E. a condyloid joint.
E. a condyloid joint.
A certain lever has a fulcrum at one end, has a tendon exerting an effort 5 cm distal to the fulcrum, and acts against a resistance another 6 cm distal to the effort. What is the mechanical advantage of this lever? A. 0.45 B. 0.54 C. 0.83 D. 2.2 E. 11.0
Which of the following is true of joints that are firstclasslevers? A. Their mechanical advantage may be either > or < than 1.0. B. Their mechanical advantage is always < 1.0. C. Their output force is always greater than the input force. D. Their resistance is between the joint and the distal end of the bone.
A. Their mechanical advantage may be either > or < than 1.0.
The rotator cuff tendons enclose the shoulder joint on all sides except ___, which partially explains the nature of most shoulder dislocations. A. anteriorly B. posteriorly C. superiorly D. inferiorly E. medially
Radial and ulnar collateral ligaments restrict sidetoside movements of the ___ joint. A. shoulder B. elbow C. wrist D. hip E. knee
The patella and femur form a ___ joint. A. gliding B. pivot C. saddle D. cartilagenous E. condyloid
Hyperextension of the knee is prevented partly by A. the anterior cruciate ligament. B. the patellar tendon. C. the patellar ligament. D. the calcaneal tendon. E. the collateral ligaments.
A. the anterior cruciate ligament.
A tendon sheath is a modified A. ligament. B. joint capsule. C. bursa. D. tendon. E. meniscus.
A torn tendon or ligament is the cause of A. bursitis. B. a sprain. C. tendonitis. D. gout. E. rheumatism.
B. a sprain.
A joint, such as the knee or elbow, which is freely moveable is termed A. diarthrosis. B. amphiarthrosis. C. synarthrosis. D. synostosis. E. synchondrosis.
A joint that is slightly moveable, such as the intervertebral discs, intercarpal and intertarsal joints, is termed A. diarthrosis. B. amphiarthrosis. C. synarthrosis. D. synostosis. E. synovial.
A structurally classified joint which has no synovial cavity and is held together by ligaments is termed A. fibrous. B. cartilaginous. C. bony. D. synovial. E. connective.
The functional and structural classifications that best describe the tibiofibular joint are: A. synarthroses, synovial joint B. diarthroses, fibrous joint C. amphiarthroses, fibrous joint D. amphiarthroses, cartilaginous joint E. diarthroses, cartilaginous
C. amphiarthroses, fibrous joint
The suture between the temporal bone and parietal bone and between the temporal bone and sphenoid bone is called A. serrate. B. lap. C. plane. D. butt. E. jagged.
The joint between the ribs and costal cartilage is a ______ joint which is specifically called a ______. A. fibrous; synchondrosis B. cartilaginous; synchondrosis C. cartilaginous; symphysis D. fibrous; symphysis E. fibrous; synostosis
B. cartilaginous; synchondrosis
The pubic symphysis is made up of A. fibrous tissue. B. hyaline cartilage. C. elastic cartilage. D. fibrocartilage. E. osseous tissue.
The joints between sacral vertebrae, between the bony plates in the skull, the epiphyseal plate, and the joint between the first ribs and sternum all have this in common. A. They are all jointed by fibrous tissue. B. They are all jointed by hyaline cartilage. C. They all ossify as you get older. D. They are all examples of sutures. E. They are all examples of synchondroses.
C. They all ossify as you get older.
Synovial fluid is rich in ______ and ______, which give it a viscous, slippery texture similar to egg white before it is heated into a white gel. A. albumin; collagen B. albumin; hyaluronic acid C. collagen; hyaluronic acid D. collagen; elastin E. collagen; lactic acid
B. albumin; hyaluronic acid
The articular cartilage found in a synovial joint is A. hyaline cartilage. B. elastic cartilage. C. fibrocartilage. D. not cartilage at all but rather a dense arrangement of collagenous fibers. E. fibrous tissue.
A. hyaline cartilage.
The meniscus is composed of A. hyaline cartilage. B. elastic cartilage. C. fibrocartilage. D. dense fibrous connective tissue. E. dense irregular connective tissue.
This part of a synovial joint encloses the cavity, retains the synovial fluid, and is continuous with the periosteum. A. articular cartilage B. fibrous capsule C. synovial membrane D. meniscus E. bursa
B. fibrous capsule
The elbow is an example of what type of joint? A. hinge B. saddle C. gliding D. condyloid E. ball and socket
If you are moving your head, from side to side to say "no", you are using this type joint. A. hinge B. pivot C. gliding D. condyloid E. ball and socket
The carpometacarpal I joint is responsible for our opposable thumbs. This is an example of a _____ joint. A. hinge B. saddle C. pivot D. condyloid E. ball and socket
Which one of the following joints does not fit with the others? A. proximal radioulnar joint between head of the radius and radial notch of the ulna B. radiocarpal joint between the distal radius and carpal bones of the wrist C. ulnarcarpal joint between the distal ulna and the carpal bones of the wrist
A. proximal radioulnar joint between head of the radius and radial notch of the ulna
Which one of the following is the weakest joint? A. ballandsocket (head of humerus, glenoid fossa of scapula) B. hinge (elbow) C. pivot (head of radius and radial notch of ulna) D. condyloid (distal end of metacarpal and phalanx) E. gliding (intercarpal)
(head of humerus, glenoid fossa of scapula)
The movement in which one end of an appendage remains relatively stationary while the other end makes a circular motion is A. circumduction. B. rotation. C. abduction. D. adduction. E. flexion.
The movement of the foot where the soles are turned medially is A. inversion. B. eversion. C. protraction. D. retraction. E. supination.
A uniaxial joint like the elbow is capable of which one of the following movements? A. circumduction B. supination and pronation C. flexion and extension D. rotation E. abduction
C. flexion and extension
Tendons, ligaments, and muscles have sensory nerve endings called ______ that continually monitor joint angle and muscle tension. A. nociceptors B. baroreceptors C. proprioceptors D. pacinian corpuscles E. tactile receptors
Which lever type is most common in the human body? A. first B. second C. third D. fourth E. fifth
The class of lever where the effort is between the resistance and the fulcrum is a ____ lever. A. first B. second C. third D. fourth E. fifth
The temporomandibular joint represents the articulations of the ____ of the mandible with the _____ of the temporal bone. A. condylar process; mandibular fossa B. coronoid process; mandibular fossa C. condylar process; styloid process D. coronoid process; styloid process E. coracoid process; mastoid process
A. condylar process; mandibular fossa
An athlete tore the rotator cuff. That athlete would have difficulty with which one of the following joints? A. TMJ B. ankle C. knee D. shoulder E. elbow
The coxal, or hip joint, contains a ring of fibrocartilage called the A. meniscus. B. acetabular labrum. C. glenoid labrum. D. round ligament. E. pubic ligament.
B. acetabular labrum.
The fibrocartilage discs of the knees are called the _____ and the ligaments which prevent hyperextension and prevent the femur from sliding off the front of the tibia are the _____ ligaments. A. menisci; popliteal B. collateral ligaments; cruciate C. menisci; cruciate D. menisci; collateral E. bursae; collateral
D. menisci; collateral
The Achilles heel is the A. deltoid ligament. B. calcaneal tendon. C. tibialis anterior tendon. D. tibialis posterior tendon. E. plantar tendon.
B. calcaneal tendon.
The crunching or crackling sounds in aging joints are caused by A. bursae popping air. B. bone grinding against bone. C. roughened cartilage moving. D. ligaments slipping over bones. E. calcium deposits on articular cartilage.
C. roughened cartilage moving.
As articular cartilage wears away, ____ often grows into the joint cavity, restricting movement and causing pain. A. cartilage discs B. spurs C. ankylosis D. synovial membranes E. bursae
What type of joint is the epiphyseal plate? A. synostosis B. syndesmosis C. symphysis D. synovial E. synchondrosis
Which of the following joints allows for the most movement? A. suture B. gomphoses C. pivot D. amphiarthroses E. symphysis
The joint between a tooth and an alveolar socket is called A. gomphosis. B. diarthrosis. C. synchondrosis. D. syndesmosis. E. suture.
Which of the following ligaments of the tibiofemoral joint are intracapsular? A. anterior cruciate ligament B. oblique popliteal ligament C. arcuate popliteal ligament D. fibular collateral ligament E. tibial collateral ligament
A. anterior cruciate ligament
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