__________ is the process by which a person acquires the values, attitudes, and behaviors of an ongoing occupational social system
Katz and Kahn suggest that organizations are best understood as a
An organizational __________ is a set of assumptions, values, and beliefs shared by members of an organization
__________ perpetuate conformity to the established culture.
__________ share the values of the dominant culture.
__________ sanctions are abstract and stem from impersonal sources.
__________ sanctions can be personal and evoked by sources valued by the sanctioned individual.
In the __________ stage of socialization, the worker looks forward to the demands and expectations of his or her future job.
The __________ stage of socialization begins once an individual has joined the organization.
In the __________ stage of socialization, the relevant reference groups are peers, managers, and even clients to whom a worker is exposed on a daily basis.
The more a society relies upon its ready-made solutions, the more deeply entrenched the:
a. methods of operation
Lipsky writes that one of the defining characteristics of all street-level bureaucracies is
All federal law enforcement and federal bureau of prison agents are subjected to intensive pre-service ________.
Defining the organization’s mission and problems it is mandated to solve is a major role of:
The text mentions that probation and parole officers have role conflicts in the areas of:
Katz and Kahn view role behavior more as a function of __________, rather than individual personalities within organizations.
Role expectations are:
The sent role is:
The received role is:
Role behavior is:
Role conflict is:
is the occurrence of two or more role expectation such that compliance with one makes compliance with another difficult or impossible.
__________ socialization strategies depend on the affective bond between individuals
__________ socialization strategies involve the training of new members as a group
For Katz and Kahn, organizations are best understood as _______ of roles.
The administrative/management culture is identified by the constant search for numbers and statistics.
Social control is a way to perpetuate conformity to the established culture.
The process of socialization in an organization serves to impose the organization’s patterns of basic assumptions upon its new members.
Culture is often defined as the complex whole of a society.
The socialization hypothesis is the only logical explanation for the shared sets of behaviors that appear to be associated with some occupations.
The general model of role taking cannot accommodate individual differences in approach to the job.
Formal socialization is more elaborate in policing than any other criminal justice occupation.
Efforts to introduce psychological assessments into the selection process are still more sophisticated and much more successful at discriminating between good and bad employees.
Divestiture strategies strip away certain characteristics before entry is allowed.
The socialization process begins with the anticipation of occupational roles.m
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