Cognitive influences that may keep you from understanding a message; A lot of your mind, selective hearing, bias?
hungry, tired, PMSing, keep you from understanding what someone is saying.
Critiques of the Linear Model
? Regards listeners as passive (no feedback) ? Assumes there is only one message in communication process ? Assumes communication has a beginning and an ending. this makes sense for radio or news broadcasters because there is no feedback.
most complicated model. Both people are involved in creating meanings and are both senders & receivers
? Adds in feedback component ? One person acts as sender and other receiver ? Fields of experience influence meaning of communication
? Captures the complex nature of communication ? Underscores simultaneous sending and receiving of messages ? Sender and receiver are both responsible for the effect of communication ? Shared field of experience is critical to achieve shared meaning.
Negative components of communication include:
? Sarcasm ? Manipulation ? Verbal aggression
Ethics and Communication
? Ethics is the perceived rightness or wrongness of action or behavior ? Communication is a powerful tool of persuasion and influence ? Thus, it is important to consider whether communication is used for ethical purposes.
The Value of Understanding Communication Theory
? Improved critical thinking skills ? Appreciation for the richness of the research ? Application to your life experiences.
abstract, arbitrary, ambiguous
Who am I, what do I want in life...
what is the relationship with the person
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