The science that seeks to understand how and why people of all ages, everywhere, change or remain the same over time.
Based on observations; not theoretical.
A way to answer questions using empirical research and data-based conclusions. 1. Observe 2. Develop Hypotheses 3. Experiment 4. Draw Conclusions 5. Report Results so they can be replicated.
Refers to the influence of the genes that people inherit from the moment of conception.
Refers to environmental influences that affect development after the individual is conceived.
The time when something must happen if it is ever going to happen.
The time when a certain type of development is most likely to happen although it may still happen later.
A view of human development as ongoing, ever-changing interaction between the physical and emotional being and between the person and their environment.
An approach that takes in account all phases on life, not just childhood or adulthood
The view that in the study of human development, the person should be considered in all contexts and interactions that constitute a life.
Group who travel through life together, experiencing similar things because they were born within a few years of each other.
Socioeconomic Status (SES)
A person's position in society as determined by income, wealth, occupation, education, and place of residence. It can be referred to as social class.
People whose ancestors were born in the same region and who often share a language, culture, and religion.
A group of people who are regarded by themselves or by others as distinct from other groups on the basis of physical appearace. Social scientists think race is a misleading concept.
Cells in an observer's brain that respond to an action performed by someone else in the same way they would if the observer had actually performed that action.
In an experiment, the variable that is introduced to see what effect it has on the dependent variable.
In an experiment, the variable that may change as a result of whatever new condition or situation the experimenter adds in.
A research design that compares groups of people who differ in age but are similar in many other characteristics. It is the quickest and least expensive way to study change.
A research design in which the same individuals are followed over time.
A hybrid research design in which researchers first study several groups of people of different ages and then follow those groups around for years.
A number between 1.0 and -1.0 that indicates the degree of relationship between two variables. Correlation indicates that two variables are related, not that one causes the other.
Research that provides data that can be expressed with numbers, such as ranks or scales.
Research that considers qualities instead of quantities. Descriptions of particular conditions and participants' ideas are often a part of these studies. They develop from asking open ended questions that cannot be reported in numbers.
Code of Ethics
A set of moral principles that members of a profession or group are expected to follow
Want to see the other 24 Flashcards in Chapter One Vocabulary?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!