Last Modified: 2011-07-10
Related Textbooks:Reading the American Past, Volume I: To 1877: Selected Historical Documents
Related Textbooks:The American Promise Value Edition, Volume I: To 1877: A History of the United States
- Boston Port Act
- Massuchusetts Government Act
- Impartial Administration of Justice Act
- Quartering Act
These acts were to punish Massachusetts for destroying the tea.
- Closed Boston Harbor to all shipping until all the destroyed teas was paid for. This was to halt the commercial life of the city.
- Parliment claimed supremacy over Massachusetts. The Governor became powerful, and could appoint all judges, sheriffs, and officers of the court with no election required.
- Said that any royal offical accused of a capital crime, would be tried in court in Britain, no matter if receiving a fair trial in Boston.
Permitted the military commanders to lodge soldiers wherever necessary, even in private households.
- A New Yorker, appointed superintendent of Indian Affairs.
- Led forces North toward Lake Champlain, in an effort to push the French back to Canada.
- The summer of 1754 was the opening battle of the war fought by England and France for control of the North American continent.
- It was also the opening episode of a worldwide struggle known in North America as the French and Indian War.
- An Act of Parliament to expand the British East India Company's monopoly on the tea trade to all British Colonies, selling excess tea at a reduced price.
- The act stated that Britain would refund 4/5 the price it cost to ship the tea to America, thus allowing it to be sold at a cheaper price than smuggled tea.
- A conflict over contested land in the Ohio Valley, variously claimed by Virginians, Pennsylvanians, the French and the Indians already living there.
- Colonists are virtually represented in Parliament.
- The House of Commons represented all British subjects, wherever they are.
- But some colonial leaders did not beilive that Virtual Representation could withstand the stretch across the Atlantic.
- Sir George Grenville, Prime Minister
- The original Molasses act placed a stiff tax on any molasses bought from non-British sources to discourage trade with French Caribbean Islands and redirect the trade to British sugar islands. But it didn't work.
- He lowered the duty on French molasses to 3 pence, making it more attractive for shippers to obey the law.
- Established new duties on tea, glass, lead, paper and painters' colors imported into the colonies.
- Paid by the importers but sold to comsumers in the retail price.
- Taxation through trade duties.
- Directs some of the revenue generated to pay the salaries of royal governors.
- Grenville imposed tax on all paper used for official documents.
- Required an affixed stamp as proof that the tax had been paid.
- Was designed simply to raise money.
- Affected everyone who used any taxed paper, but mostly business and legal communities.
- Forbids colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.
- Aimed to separate Indian and settlers
- Also limits trade with Indians to traders licensed by colonial governors.
- Forbids private sales of Indian land.
- Chief of the Ottawa tribe in Northern Ohio
- Dissatisfied with the withdrawal of the French from N.A, after the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1763, he attacked the British garrison near Detroit.
- Six more attacks on forts and frontier settlements followed.
- By the fall, every fort W. of Detroit was captured, more than 400 British soldiers were dead, plus 2000 colonists were killed or taken captive.
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