Fall of 1768, British soldiers moved in to Boston to keep the peace because of the importation boycott. January 1770, the sons of Thomas Hutchinson were ready to break the boycott and a crowd defaced the door of their shop with Hillsborough Paint. In February, a crowd surrounded a house of a customs official, hepanicked and fired a shot, killing a boy walking by. March 5, 1770, a crowd starting taunting 8British soldiers to fire, he did and others followed, shooting 11 men, and killing 5.
What were the 4 Coercive Acts that the Parliment Issued?
Boston Port Act
Massuchusetts Government Act
Impartial Administration of Justice Act
These acts were to punish Massachusetts for destroying the tea.
Coercive Act I - Boston Port Act
Closed Boston Harbor to all shipping until all the destroyed teas was paid for. This was to halt the commercial life of the city.
Coercive Act II - Massachusetts Government Act
Parliment claimed supremacy over Massachusetts. The Governor became powerful, and could appoint all judges, sheriffs, and officers of the court with no election required.
Coercive Act III - Impartial Administration of Justice Act
Said that any royal offical accused of a capital crime, would be tried in court in Britain, no matter if receiving a fair trial in Boston.
Coercive Act IV - 1765 Quartering Act
Permitted the military commanders to lodge soldiers wherever necessary, even in private households.