Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders Defining Psychological Disorders -Mental health workers view psychological disorders as persistently harmful thoughts, feelings, and actions -When a behavior is deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional, psychologists label it a disorder Panic Disorder -Feel like you?re going to die -Un-controllable anxiety Phobias -Marked by a persistent irrational fear of an object or situation that disrupts behavior Obsessive Compulsive -Unwanted thoughts (obsessive) -Senseless rituals (compulsive) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder -4 or more weeks of the following symptoms constitute PTSD -Haunting memories -Social withdrawl -Nightmares Etc Dissociative Disorders -Conscious awareness becomes separated from previous memories thoughts and feelings -Feeling of being unreal -Separated from self -Watching yourself like in a movie Major Depressive Disorder -Depression is the ?common cold? of psychological disorders. -In a year, 5.8% of men and 9.5% of women report depression worldwide -Signs last two weeks or more and are not caused by drugs -People are not at greatest risk of suicide at their lowest, when an individual works their way back up the mood curve, they will, because they have more energy Bipolar Disorder -Formerly called manic-depressive disorder. -An alteration between depression and mania signals bipolar disorder Suicide -Each year 1 million people commit suicide worldwide Schizophrenia -Literal translation = ?split mind? -Refers to a split from reality -Disorganized and delusional thinking -Disturbed perceptions -Inappropriate emotions and actions Disturbed Perceptions -A schizophrenic person may perceive things that are nor there (hallucinations) Antisocial Personality Disorder -Exhibits lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even towards friends and family members
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