Name:____________________________________________________ Date:____________________ IT ESSENTIALS V. 4.1 Module 3 Computer Assembly Step-by-Step 3.1 Open the Case 1. What does form factor refer to? Size and shape of the case 2. How should the workspace be prepared? Adequate lighting, good ventilation, comfortable room temperature, workbench accessible from all sides 3.2 Install the power supply 3. What are the power supply installation steps? Insert power supply into case Align holes in power supply with holes in case Secure power supply to case using proper screws Virtual Desktop Lab: Install Power Supply 3.3 Attach the components to the motherboard and install the motherboard 3.3.1 Install a CPU and a heat sink/fan assembly 4. How is the CPU secured to the socket on the motherboard? With a locking assembly 5. What is thermal compound used for? To help conduct heat away from the CPU 6. How do you clean a used CPU? Isopropyl alcohol 7. What is the heat sink/fan assembly? A two-part cooling device 8. What is the connection 1 indicator on the CPU lined up with on the CPU socket? Pin 1 3.3.2 Install the RAM 9. What does RAM provide? Temporary data storage for the CPU while the computer is operating 10. What is meant by volatile memory? Its contents are lost when the computer is shut down 3.3.3 Install the motherboard 11. What is used to mount the motherboard and to prevent it from touching he metal portions of the case? Plastic and metal standoffs Virtual Desktop Lab: Install the Motherboard 3.4 Install Internal Drives 12. What are the steps for installing a hard disk drive? Position the HDD so it aligns with the 3.5 inch drive bay Insert the HDD in drive bay so screw hold in drive line up with screw holes in the case Secure the HDD to case using proper screws Virtual Desktop 3.5 Install drives in external bays 13. What are external bays? Allow access to the media without opening the case 3.5.1 Install the optical drive 14. What is an optical drive? A storage device that reads and writes information to CDs and DVDs 15. What kind of connector provides power to the optical drive from the power supply? Molex 16. What kind of cable connects the optical drive to the motherboard? PATA 3.5.2 Install the Floppy Drive 17. What is a floppy disk drive (FDD)? A storage device that reads and writes information to a floppy disk 18. What kind of power connector provides the FDD with power from the power supply? berg Virtual Desktop Lab: Install the Drives 3.6 Install adapter cards 19. Why would you use adapter cards? To add functionality 3.6.1 Install the NIC 20. Why do you need a NIC? To connect to a network 3.6.2 Install the wireless NIC 21. What type of expansion slots do wireless NICs use? PC I & PCIe 3.6.3 Install the video adapter card 22. What is a video adapter card? The interface between a computer and a display monitor 23. What type of expansion slots do video adapter cards use? PCI, AGP, PCIe Virtual Desktop Lab: Install Adapter Cards 3.7 Connect All Internal Cables 24. What are power cables used for? To distribute electricity from the power supply to the motherboard and other components 25. What do data cables do? Transmit data between the motherboard and storage devices 3.7.1 Connect the power cables 26. Haw many pins does the ATX main power connector have? 20 or 24 27. How many pins are on a SATA power connector? 15 28. What is a 4-pin berg connector used for? Floppy drive 3.7.2 Connect the data cable 29. What are the types of data cables? PATA, SATA, floppy drive 30. What is another name for a PATA cable? Ribbon cable 31. What does a stripe on the data cable indicate? Location of pin 1 32. Where is the pin 1 indicator on the drive connector? Closest to the power connector on the drive 33. If a motherboard has two PATA drive controllers, how many PATA drive can it support? 4 34. What type of connector does a SATA data cable have? 7 pin 35. What type of a connector does a floppy drive data cable have? 34 pin 36. If the floppy drive activity light displays continuously, what is the problem? Ribbon cable is not installed correctly Virtual Desktop Lab: Install Internal Cables 3.8 Reattach the side panels and connect external cables to the computer 3.8.1 Re-attach the side panels 3.8.2 Connect external cables to the computer 37. Should you force a connector? No 38. When should you plug in the power cable? After you have connected all other cables Virtual Desktop Lab: Complete Computer Activity 3.9 Boot the computer for the first time 39. When booting a computer, what performs a check on all of the internal components? BIOS ?basic input/output system 40. What does POST stand for? Power-on Self-Test 3.9.1 Identify Beep Codes 41. What does POST check for? To see that all of the hardware in the computer is operating correctly 42. What does a single beep indicate? The computer is functioning properly 43. What determines what the beep codes mean? The BIOS manufacturer 3.9.2 Describe BIOS setup 44. What is contained in BIOS? Setup programs used to configure settings for hardware devices 45. What does CMOS stand for? Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor 46. What key is typically pressed to enter the BIOS setup program? DEL LAB: Boot the Computer
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