what percentage of the population ages 6-17 are children with disabilities serve in the special education program?
in what supreme court case did the court rule that all children with intellectual disabilities were entitled to a free, appropriate public education?
Parc vs. Commonwealth of PA
under IDEA, whta children are entitled to a free appropriate public educaiton?
what is special education purposely designed to do for students with a disability?
help provide modifications in curriculum and instruction to get ones performance to the highest potential
in regards to disciplinary actions for a student with a disability, what is the appropriate procedure for a student's misbehavior and how does that compare to procedures for non-disabled students
same manner except if get a suspension for 10 or more days. IEP reviews disability and miconduct
almost half of all the students who receive special education services qualify under which category?
what is the term that refers to the loss or reduced function of particular body part or organ?
special education before the 1970's would best be described as what?
denied enrollment of children with these disabilities, exclusive.
what characteristics describe an exceptional student?
educational needs necessitate an individually planned program of instruction
under IDEA, what does the term FAPE mean?
free appropriate public education
what ruling resulted form the Hendrick Hudson Central School District vs. Rowley (1982) case?
granted each child with disablities the right to a personalized program of instruction and necessary supportive services
what are the requirements for the least restrictive environment principle?
children with disablities shoudl attend some classes with children without disablities to the extent that tehy are able to handle. Shoudl be removed to separate classes or schools when severity of their disability allows them to not receive an appropriate educaiton in a general ed room.
what are the different co-teaching arrangements?
one teaching/one helping, paralell, station, alternative, team
Which level of collaborative is considered most beneficial?
What term best describes "continuum of services?"
continuum of alternative placements
What is the purpose of implementing prereferral interventions?
seee if differnt tactics can work before testing if child has a disability. implement modifications for a bit to the curriculum first.
how do people feel about inclusion?
many support it many do not, says it does not offer individualized education their children need
what are some of teh factors that lead to the overrepresentation of African American students in special education?
1. born to mothers without access to material health care 2. live in poverty
what type of collaboration involves an expert sharing ideas/suggestions/strategies, etc?
under IDEA, an individualized educaiton program is developed and implemented for every student with a disability in what age range?
describe the service options for students with disabilities according to the LRE continuum of services
1-3 full time placement in general education classrooms
explain the variables that ensure academic and social success of children with disabilities.
least restrictive environment, make annual goals
name the specific members that are required to participate on the IEp team
parents, at least 1 regular ed teacher, representative of local education agency, individual who can interpret instructional implications of evaluation results, anyone else with knowledge regarding child, special education teacher, child themselves
what symbol best depicts the LRE continuum of service and placement options?
which legislation first mandated parent and family participation in the education of a child with a disability?
list the four-step sequence of parent-teacher conferences suggest by Stephens and Wold (1989)?
build rapport, obtain information, provide info, summarize and follow up
what is the name of hte first parent group organized to advocate for childrne with disabilities?
national society for crippled children, organized in 1921
what is necessary in order to become a culturally proficient instructor?
1. native speaking staff member make initial contacts 2. interpreters to IEPS 3. cultural interpretor 4. family friendly setting meetings 5. transportation and child care
describe parent involvement in regards to the educaiton of a child wiht a disability under special educaiton law.
parent participation in shared decision making, due process procedures if childs needs arent being met.
who has the most powerful influence on the life of a child?
paretns and family
describe a closed needs assessment
asks parents to select from a list of topics they would like to learn more about, shows families needs and preferances.
give examples of effective ways to ask questions of parents that would facilitate conversation?
should not focus solely on problems or defecits. open ended questions like "what did sharon do with her homework project last week?"
list reasons why a parent may refuse to participate in home tutoring
dont have time due to job but definitely do still care about their child. may compete with other activities in the home
waht is the key operational element of the family professional partnership
regular two-way communication with parents
what is the name of the approach to conflict resolution in which both parties try to see the others point of view?
describe the role of a cultural interpreter?
can create bridges of understanding between school and home culture. dont necessarily need to know language but need to understand the culture
in one word describe the priority of curriculum goals for a student with intellectual disabilities.
being able to function
what is learned helplessness?
individuals expectations of failing based on previous failure
give examples of teaching self-determination and instructing students to take responsibility for their learning
set goals, plan and implement courses of action and adjust to reach goals
what is the term that is currently being used to replace "mental retardation?"
sign. limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior/sign. sub average general intellectual wiht deficits in adaptive behavior
when are most children with mild intellectual disabilities identified?
provide examples of intellectual functioning deficits
what have research studies unveiled regarding the speed in which students with intellectual disablities learn?
learn more slowly, may need to go 20 to 30 trials more than general ed. student to learn something
describe the short term and long term memory skills for children with an intellectual disability.
short- below norm, long- at the same level
what does generalization of learning mean?
being able to tie all kinds of shoes
what kind of curriculum do students with mild intellectual disabilities need for success?
a slower pace that goes into less detail
what activities are most likely to be found in a functional in functional curriculum for a student with moderate intellectual disabilities?
intellectual skills widen
Want to see the other 47 Flashcards in Chapters 1-5?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!