Find study materials for any course. Check these out:
Browse by school
Make your own
To login with Google, please enable popups
To login with Google, please enable popups
Don’t have an account?
To signup with Google, please enable popups
To signup with Google, please enable popups
Sign up withor
State courts do not have power over federal courts
Federal Courts have the final say
In regard to a man who was punished b/c he didn’t follow through w/ the fugitive slave act but he wasn’t punished b/c wisconsin didn’t think it was really a problem but the supreme court did.
Worked with her Husband William
A cabinet maker by day and a waiter by night
They were given a pass by their master to visit family for Christmas
They used this to escape
She had sewn mens trousers, and put her arm in a sling to cover up the fact she couldn't write
She was light skinned
Mens clothes and green eyeglasses
“They were going on a visit to an eye doctor with her servant (William)”
With the money they had saved, they bought train and boat tickets
They arrived on Christmas Day in 1848 in Philadelphia
dispatched by President Fillmore
To try commercial concession in the isolated kingdom of Japan in 1854
The Japanese were impressed with american Ncal power
Agreed to establish dip relations
in 1858 and American envoy, The Townsend Harris, negotiated a commercial treaty that opened to American ships six Japanese powers heretofore closed to foreigners
A leading Democratic senator in the 1850s
nicknamed “Little Giant” (Small size & great political power)
Steered the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act through Congress
Increasingly alienated from the southern wing of his party
Ran against his political rival Abraham Lincoln in 1860 and lost
Young America Movement
(Henry Clay of his generation)
Two terms in Congress, Senator,
Tried to see the nations needs in the broadest perspective
Really smart but really good with his friends
Couldn’t be more attuned to his time
Expansion and Popular Sovereignty
Willing to fight for all of Oregon in 1846 and supported The Mexican war
Believed people should pick their own institutions
He believed the argument of Slavery to be unnecessary as he believed the natural conditions of the West would keep slavery out
Wanted to Develop the US
Slavery “A curse beyond computation” for both blacks and whites
refused to admit that any moral issue was involved
1851-Set out to win the Democratic Democratic Presidential nomination, (best one for the job [kinda into himself])
Expressed contempt for other opponents--This Brash Aggressiveness proved to be his undoing
Cass said his “reputation was beyond the C”
Northern Democratic president
signed the Kansas-Nebraska Act
sought sectional harmony above all else
an abolitionist who felt that Kansas was unfairly a slave state
reckoned that since 5 abolitionists were killed by pro-slavery people, he could kill some people
went with 6 companions to kill 5 unsuspecting men from their homes and kill them
caused a mini-war, hundreds from both sides went up in arms
john brown was never convicted and eventually fled but not before the death tolls with about 200
Senator of Massachusetts
reformer interested in the peace movement, prison reform, and the abolition of slavery
“the crime against kansas”- demanded that Kansas be a free state
Congressmen of south carolina
nephew of senator butler
since Butler was away whey Sumner insulted him, felt it was his responsibility to defend him
then bet Sumner with a cane- about 30 blows to the head
neither returned to the house after the incident
abolitionist made a hero out of Sumner and called Butler an example of what happens to men when they have slave
republican nominee for 1856 presidential election
heros of california conquest v. mexico
popular military men with almost no experience
“free soil, free speech and freemont”
democratic nominee for 1856 presidential election
he was out of the country servicing the minister to Britain when all the debate happened about Kansas
Walt Whitman, a democrat, denounced him as a candidate
the dem party tried to denounce republicans as sectionist and attempting to split the union
won only minority of popular vote but a lot of electoral college votes
Dr. John Emerson had a slave named Dred Scott, who traveled the country with him
When Emerson died, Scott attempted to become a free slave saying that their residence in Illinois, where slavery was barred under the Northwest Ordinance and in the Wisconsin territory, where the Missouri Compromise outlawed it, had made them free
Decision mattered not only to Scott but to whole country: did territories have the power to outlaw slavery?
reached the supreme court, they decided, free or slave, blacks were not citizens, therefore Scott could not sue in a federal court
furthermore, they decided the missouri compromise was unconstitutional and that no territory could decide to ban slavery
used the bill of rights to justify
Battle of Bull Run
When victory for the north seemed sure, a virginia brigade under Thomas J Jackson rushed to the field by rail from the Shenandoah Valley and stod over the ledge looking down when a South Carolina general looked at him and called him “Stonewall”
General Ulysses S. Grant
a ne’er-do-well in his early life, given a second chance by the war
general of the civil war
main goal was to capture vicksburg
first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States
first American woman doctor
helped set up the United States Sanitary Commission, improving camps, medical facilities, and raised money for the wounded.
She was the first openly identified woman to graduate from medical school, a pioneer in promoting the education of women in medicine in the United States, and a social and moral reformer in both the United States and in England
William Tecumseh Sherman
American soldier, businessman, educator and author
served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861–65), for which he received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness of the "scorched earth" policies that he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate States
"the first modern general"
served under General Ulysses S. Grant in 1862 and 1863
He proceeded to lead his troops to the capture of the city of Atlanta, a military success that contributed to the re-election of PresidentAbraham Lincoln
was a gentle plantation owner from Mississippi. He was kind to his slaves, early (during the compromise of 1850) Davis was more of a radical. Later he tempered his political views and attempted to work with Douglas but opposed the Kansas fiasco. Davis was an advocate for Caribbean expansion and after the election of 1860 he reluctantly moved toward secession.
Davis was intelligent, courageous and devoted. However, he also had flaws, including: being opinionated and impatient with subordinates. He took controversy personally and quarreled with subordinates. Davis did not delegate duties and tried to micro manage the war and the executive branch perhaps due to his West Point training.
John Wilkes Booth
On April 14, 1865 Lincoln was shot, this was only a few days after the end of the civil war.
An actor who shot and killed President Abraham Lincoln at the Ford’s Theater during “Our American Cousin”.
The Murder was part of plot organized by diehard southerners.
One of Booth’s accomplices went to the home of the Secretary of State, William Seward, and stabbed him but he did not die.
Someone else was suppose to kill the VP Andrew Johnson but he bailed.
B/c of this incident the South’s hope for a mild peace was eliminated.
Leader of the Radical Republicans.
Wrote Wade-Davis Bill to restrict readmission of southern states to the Union.
Lincoln wouldn’t sign the bill
Wade was accused of scheming to become Prez
The VP to Lincoln b/c he was a border-state unionist democrat and a military governor hero in Tennessee.
He was a supporter of the common man and disliked aristocracy.
Proponent of free homesteads, public education & absolute social equality.
He was a democrat but b/c he disliked southern aristocrats Republicans in Congress cooperated with him.
He felt that “treason must be made infamous”.
Radical Republicans listened to Johnson’s attacks against secessionists and the great planters and assumed that he was anti-southern
However, Johnson was actually a supporter of state’s rights and didn’t even really like blacks.
Johnson’s amnesty proclamation was a little more rigorous than Lincoln’s; it assumed that most southern voters would freely take the loyalty oath so there was no 10% clause.
Most classes of confederates were excluded from the general pardon.
By Dec 1865 all southern states had organized govs, ratified the 13th Amendment, and elected senators and representatives.
Ulysses S. Grant
Hard-fighting Union general whose relentless pursuit of Robert E. Lee finally brought the war to an end in April 1865; elected president in 1868, he presided over two disappointing and corrupt terms and is considered a failure as a president.
Caused even more damage to the republicans as he failed to live up to expectations
Military leader qualities not great chief executive
dislike of political maneuvering and his simple belief that the popular will could best be observed in the action of Congress
Really honest (naively), really a weakness
worst of his failures was his failure to deal effectively with economic and social problems, but the most damaging to him and the Republican party was his inability to cope with government corruption
Whiskey Ring Affair: When Grant’s private Secretary (Orville E. Babcock) was caught of having cost the government million in tax revenue
Corruption of Secretary of War William W. Belknap in the management of indian affairs
These were during his first term but not then recognized
A congressman who was uncompromising in the theory that the Union was indissoluble during the civil war, but afterwards he insisted that the Confederate states had “committed suicide” and should be treated like “conquered provinces”.
Compromise of 1877; reconstruction ended
Nominated by the Liberal Republican party
mostly well educated socially prominent types, editors, college presidents, economists along with some businessmen and politicians
laissez-faire liberalism as they were for low tariffs and sound money, and against what they called “class legislation” (Measures benefitting particular groups whether labor unions or railroad companies or fam organizations.
Almost all had supported reconstruction but by early 18709s, most were including black to be in the special interests that should be left to their own devices
Also nominated by the the Democrats in 1872 although he had bashed the party in his newspaper
Grant triumphed easily as the campaign was a fiasco for reformers
the defection of the LIberal Republicans hurt the Republican party in Congress
Sign up for free and study better.
Get started today!