The kind of learning that applies to voluntary behavior is called _________
______ occurs when a stimulus is sufficiently different from the ones around it that it is immediately evident
Imagine that you flinch after seeing lightning because in previous instances the lightning is followed by thunder, which scared you. In this scenario, lightning can be interpreted as being a(n) __________ __________
____ ____ is the difference between the images striking the retinas of the two eyes
Reinforcement is to punishment as _____ is to ________
In Pavlov's initial classical conditioning experiment, the food was the ________ _________
When you have an injury, you may first experience a sharp pain followed by a dull pain. This example illustrates _____ _____.
Punishment is MOST effective __________
When it occurs immediately after the undesired behavior
Psychological aspects of pain perception can influence the release of the neurotransmitters called ________, the body's natural version of morphine.
The fact that you prefer blondes because your last love interest was a blonde best illustrates ______ _______.
Some researchers argue that having a built-in readiness for certain conditioned stimuli makes particular sense from a(n) _______ perspective.
_____ _____ is the process of picking out a particular quality, object, or event for relatively detailed analysis.
Zeke, a toddler, starts to jump up and down after seeing his older sister do so. This example illustrates ______
The sense of smell is also known as ______
The reappearance of a learned response after extinction has occurred is called ______ ______
Flavor arises from ____ and _____
____ is credited with discovering classical conditioning
The eardrum is also called the ______ ______
_____ is an operant conditioning procedure in which successive approximations of a desired response are reinforced
According to your text, your body's largest organ is the _____
When Pavlov placed meat powder or other food in the mouths of canine subjects, they began to salivate. The salivation was a(n) _________ _________.
Somasthetic senses involve all of the following except _______
The lowest stimulus intensity required for detection is the _____ _____ and the smallest noticeable difference between a standard stimulus intensity and another stimulus value is the ______ ________.
absolute threshold; just-noticeable difference
Suppose you're driving on a two-lane
road on a very snowy night where the divider cannot be seen. However, in your mind, you're able to reconstruct where the divider should be. This example illustrates _________ ________.
Psychologists typically define learning as__________
the acquisition of information or a behavioral tendency that is retained for a long period of time
Bottom- up processing is initiated by the ______
If you stare for 30 seconds at a red object and then look at a blank sheet of white paper, you will see a greenish image of the object. This phenomenon BEST supports the ___________ theory of color vision
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